INQ181

Recommendations for this Inquiry

INQ-ref REC-UID CODE SubCode SrcNUM Recommendation
INQ181 REC181-0217 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 67

The State consider the development of legislation for the conduct of inquiries in Victoria —in particular, the conduct of royal commissions.

INQ181 REC181-0199 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 49

The State modify its adoption of the Building Code of Australia for the following purposes: ■ to remove deemed-to-satisfy provisions for the construction of buildings in BAL-FZ (the Flame Zone); ■ to apply bushfire construction provisions to non-residential buildings that will be occupied by peop

INQ181 REC181-0198 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 48

The Australian Building Codes Board do the following: ■ amend the performance requirements in the Building Code of Australia to ensure that they incorporate reducing the risk of ignition from ember attack; ■ work with Standards Australia to effect expeditious continuing review and development of

INQ181 REC181-0197 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 47

Standards Australia do the following: ■ amend the objective of AS 3959-2009, Construction of Buildings in Bushfire-prone Areas, to ensure that it incorporates reducing the risk of ignition from ember attack; ■ review, and amend as appropriate, the testing methods prescribed in its standards for T

INQ181 REC181-0196 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 46

The State develop and implement a retreat and resettlement strategy for existing developments in areas of unacceptably high bushfire risk, including a scheme for non-compulsory acquisition by the State of land in these areas.

INQ181 REC181-0195 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 45

The State press municipal councils—in particular, Murrindindi Shire Council—to urgently adopt a bushfire policy in their Local Planning Policy Framework and incorporate bushfire risk management in their planning policies and strategies for rebuilding communities such as Marysville, Kinglake and o

INQ181 REC181-0194 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 44

The Country Fire Authority produce for community guidance material on fire-resistant landscape and garden design, including a list of fire-resistant species.

INQ181 REC181-0193 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 43

The Department of Sustainability and Environment conduct biodiversity mapping identifying flora, fauna and any threatened species throughout Victoria and make the results publicly available. The format used should be compatible with that used for Bushfire-prone Area mapping.

INQ181 REC181-0192 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 42

The Department of Sustainability and Environment develop and administer a collective offset solution for individual landholders who are permitted to remove native vegetation for the purpose of fire protection.

INQ181 REC181-0191 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 41

The State: ■ amend the Victoria Planning Provisions to require that, when assessing a permit to remove native vegetation around an existing dwelling, the responsible authority and the Department of Sustainability and Environment, as referral authority, take into account fire hazard and give weigh

INQ181 REC181-0190 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 40

The Country Fire Authority amend its guidelines for assessing permit applications for dwellings, nondwellings and subdivisions in the Bushfire-prone Overlay in order to accommodate the amendments to the Wildfire Management Overlay that are implemented as a result of recommendation 39 and make the

INQ181 REC181-0189 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 39

The State amend the Victoria Planning Provisions relating to bushfire to ensure that the provisions give priority to the protection of human life, adopt a clear objective of substantially restricting development in the areas of highest bushfire risk—giving due consideration to biodiversity conser

INQ181 REC181-0188 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 38

The State implement a regional settlement policy that: ■ takes account of the management of bushfire risk, including that associated with small, undeveloped rural lots; ■ includes a process for responding to bushfire risk at the planning stage for new urban developments in regional cities, the pr

INQ181 REC181-0187 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 37

The State identify a central point of responsibility for and expertise in mapping bushfire risk to: ■ review urgently the mapping criteria at present used by the Country Fire Authority to map the Wildfire Management Overlay, to ensure that the mapping used to determine building and planning contr

INQ181 REC181-0186 A - Responsibility 21 - Role of Commonwealth Government Recommendation 36

The Commonwealth, states and territories continue to pursue the National Action Plan to Reduce Bushfire Arson in Australia, giving priority to producing a nationally consistent framework for data collection and evaluating current and proposed programs in order to identify and share best-practice

INQ181 REC181-0200 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 50

Standards Australia move expeditiously to develop a standard for bushfire sprinklers and sprayers.

INQ181 REC181-0201 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 51

The Victorian Building Commission, in conjunction with the Country Fire Authority, develop, publish and provide to the community and industry information about ways in which existing buildings in bushfire-prone areas can be modified to incorporate bushfire safety measures.

INQ181 REC181-0202 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 52

The State develop and implement, in consultation with local government, a mechanism for sign-off by municipal councils of any permit conditions imposed under the Bushfire-prone Overlay and the regular assessment of landowners’ compliance with conditions.

INQ181 REC181-0216 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 66

The State appoint an independent monitor or the Victorian Auditor-General to assess progress with implementing the Commission’s recommendations and report to the Parliament and the people of Victoria by 31 July 2012.

INQ181 REC181-0215 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 65

The Commonwealth establish a national centre for bushfire research in collaboration with other Australian jurisdictions to support pure, applied and long-term research in the physical, biological and social sciences relevant to bushfires and to promote continuing research and scholarship in relat

INQ181 REC181-0214 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 64

The State replace the Fire Services Levy with a property-based levy and introduce concessions for low-income earners.

INQ181 REC181-0213 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 63

The State enact legislation designed to achieve two specific ends: ■ appoint a Fire Commissioner as an independent statutory officer responsible to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services and as the senior operational firefighter in Victoria; ■ make the Chief Fire Officer of the Department

INQ181 REC181-0212 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 62

VicRoads implement a systematic statewide program of bushfire risk assessment for all roads for which it is responsible, to ensure conformity with the obligations in s. 43 of the Country Fire Authority Act 1958 and with the objectives expressed in the VicRoads 1985 Code of Practice.

INQ181 REC181-0211 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 61

The State and Commonwealth provide for municipal councils adequate guidance on resolving the competing tensions arising from the legislation affecting roadside clearing and, where necessary, amend environment protection legislation to facilitate annual bushfire-prevention activities by the approp

INQ181 REC181-0210 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 60

The State amend the exemptions in clause 52.17-6 of the Victoria Planning Provisions to ensure that the provisions allow for a broad range of roadside works capable of reducing fire risk and provide specifically for a new exemption where the purpose of the works is to reduce bushfire risk.

INQ181 REC181-0209 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 59

The Department of Sustainability and Environment amend the Code of Practice for Fire Management on Public Land in order to achieve the following: ■ provide a clear statement of objectives, expressed as measurable outcomes; ■ include an explicit risk-analysis model for more objective and transpare

INQ181 REC181-0208 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 58

The Department of Sustainability and Environment significantly upgrade its program of long-term data collection to monitor and model the effects of its prescribed burning programs and of bushfires on biodiversity in Victoria.

INQ181 REC181-0207 B - Preparedness 5 - Hazard reduction burns Recommendation 57

The Department of Sustainability and Environment report annually on prescribed burning outcomes in a manner that meets public accountability objectives, including publishing details of targets, area burnt, funds expended on the program, and impacts on biodiversity.

INQ181 REC181-0206 B - Preparedness 5 - Hazard reduction burns Recommendation 56

The State fund and commit to implementing a long-term program of prescribed burning based on an annual rolling target of 5 per cent minimum of public land.

INQ181 REC181-0205 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 55

The State initiate the development of education and training options to improve understanding of bushfire risk management in the building and planning regimes by: ■ providing regular training and guidance material to planning and building practitioners; ■ providing regular training and guidance m

INQ181 REC181-0204 C - Response 2 - Emergency powers Recommendation 54

The State amend the Country Fire Authority Act 1958 to enable the Chief Officer to delegate the power to issue fire prevention notices.

INQ181 REC181-0203 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 53

The State amend s.

INQ181 REC181-0185 C - Response 20 - Role of police Recommendation 35

Victoria Police continue to pursue a coordinated statewide approach to arson prevention and regularly review its approach to ensure that it contains the following elements: ■ high-level commitment from senior police; ■ a research program aimed at refining arson prevention and detection strategies

INQ181 REC181-0184 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 34

The State amend the regulatory framework for electricity safety to strengthen Energy Safe Victoria’s mandate in relation to the prevention and mitigation of electricity-caused bushfires and to require it to fulfil that mandate.

INQ181 REC181-0183 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 33

The State (through Energy Safe Victoria) require distribution businesses to do the following: ■ fit spreaders to any lines with a history of clashing or the potential to do so; ■ fit or retrofit all spans that are more than 300 metres long with vibration dampers as soon as is reasonably practicab

INQ181 REC181-0165 C - Response 14 - Incident Mgt Teams Recommendation 15

The Country Fire Authority and the Department of Sustainability and Environment: ■ amend their procedures to require that an incident action plan summary be completed within the first four hours of an incident being reported and be provided to the State Control Centre and, where established, to t

INQ181 REC181-0164 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 14

The Victorian fire agencies amend the AIIMS framework before the 2010–11 fire season in order to do the following: ■ designate the Information Unit as a separate section reporting directly to the Incident Controller and require that the Information Unit contain a dedicated Public Information Offi

INQ181 REC181-0163 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 13

The State consider amending the Emergency Management Act 1986 to introduce a graded scale of emergency declarations short of a state of disaster.

INQ181 REC181-0162 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 12

The State consider either amending the Emergency Management Act 1986 or adopting a standing practice to require the Minister for Police and Emergency Services or the Chief Commissioner of Police to consult the Premier about the possibility of declaring a state of disaster for all of or any part o

INQ181 REC181-0161 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 11

The State consider amending the Emergency Management Act 1986 and the Emergency Management Manual Victoria in order to achieve the following: ■ remove the title of Coordinator in Chief of Emergency Management from the Minister for Police and Emergency Services; ■ clarify the function and powers o

INQ181 REC181-0160 C - Response 20 - Role of police Recommendation 10

The State clarify whether, during major fires, Victoria Police should discharge its coordination functions from the State Emergency Response Coordination Centre or from the State Control Centre.

INQ181 REC181-0159 C - Response 14 - Incident Mgt Teams Recommendation 9

The Country Fire Authority and the Department of Sustainability and Environment prescribe and audit the minimum number and nature of level 3 joint training exercises in which incident management team staff (including volunteers) are required to participate.

INQ181 REC181-0158 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 8

The Country Fire Authority and the Department of Sustainability and Environment amend their procedures to require the following: ■ that at locations that attract preparedness levels A or B there be a full incident management team under the leadership of an accredited level 3 Incident Controller i

INQ181 REC181-0157 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 7

The Commonwealth lead an initiative through the Ministerial Council for Police and Emergency Management, facilitated by Emergency Management Australia, to develop a national bushfire awareness campaign.

INQ181 REC181-0156 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 6

Victoria lead an initiative of the Ministerial Council for Education, Early Childhood Development and Youth Affairs to ensure that the national curriculum incorporates the history of bushfire in Australia and that existing curriculum areas such as geography, science and environmental studies incl

INQ181 REC181-0155 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 5

The State introduce a comprehensive approach to evacuation, so that this option is planned, considered and implemented when it is likely to offer a higher level of protection than other contingency options.

INQ181 REC181-0154 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 4

The State introduce a comprehensive approach to shelter options that includes the following: ■ developing standards for community refuges as a matter of priority and replacing the 2005 Fire Refuges in Victoria: Policy and Practice; ■ designating community refuges—particularly in areas of very hig

INQ181 REC181-0153 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 3

The State establish mechanisms for helping municipal councils to undertake local planning that tailors bushfire safety options to the needs of individual communities.

INQ181 REC181-0152 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 2

The State revise the approach to community bushfire safety education in order to: ■ ensure that its publications and educational materials reflect the revised bushfire safety policy; ■ equip all fire agency personnel with the information needed to effectively communicate the policy to the public

INQ181 REC181-0166 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 16

The Country Fire Authority and the Department of Sustainability and Environment improve mapping support in the following ways: ■ DSE providing mapping data free of charge to emergency response agencies; ■ greatly increasing the CFA’s ‘write’ access to FireMap for incident management team staff; ■