Recommendations

This is a list of all Recommendations in the database (approximately 1500 rows).

  • Each Recommendation has a unique ID value which connects it to the related Inquiry. This ID also contains a reference to the ID of the Inquiry that produced it. So Rec-UID (REC297-1257) means the Recommendation is from Inquiry 297, and the Recommendation is ID number 1257.
  • Note that Codes and Subcodes are displayed on roll-over. Column headers are sortable and values are generally linked.
  • [Download all Recommendations] as a csv file. The [Codes and Subcodes] may be separately downloaded.

 

INQ-ref REC-UID Code SubCode Source Recommendation
Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4172 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 3

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that the State support the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (or the single entity referenced in Recommendation 4) and its partners to expand the Safer Together program to:

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4178 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 9

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (or the single entity referenced in Recommendation 4) – in collaboration with the Country Fire Authority and local government – undertake a review of the current residual risk ta

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4176 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 7

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (or the single entity referenced in Recommendation 4) lead the development and distribution of evidence-based land and fuel management tools for use by all legislated fuel manage

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4174 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 5

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (or the single entity referenced in Recommendation 4) – with support from all legislated fuel management organisations for public and private land – lead a community engagement p

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4181 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 12

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that Emergency Management Victoria – in collaboration with the emergency management sector and as part of the emergency management planning reforms:

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4186 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 17

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that Emergency Management Victoria – in collaboration with the emergency management sector – develops and implements processes to ensure greater dissemination and improved understanding of information for all Victorians, and visitors to Vi

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4182 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 13

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that Emergency Management Victoria – in partnership with agencies engaged in state, regional and incident control centres:

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4177 A - Responsibility 38 - Agency/Department Reporting Recommendation 8

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (or the single entity referenced in Recommendation 4) – in conjunction with legislated fuel management organisations – develop a common set of objectives, metrics and reporting r

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4179 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 10

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that Emergency Management Victoria – in accepting that emergency management is a ‘shared responsibility’ - collaborate with the emergency management sector and community to:

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4184 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 15

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that Emergency Management Victoria collaborate with the emergency management sector to develop a capacity model that considers current and future:
a) career and volunteer emergency management personnel requirements

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4185 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 16

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that Emergency Management Victoria works with the emergency management sector and relevant emergency management entities in New South Wales and South Australia to identify and address key cross border operational and resource management is

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4170 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 1

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that responder agencies and Emergency Management Victoria review preparedness arrangements to ensure procedural documentation (including plans), recruitment, briefings and training are completed before significant seasonal events are likel

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4180 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 11

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that Victoria Police – in collaboration with the community and the emergency management sector – reflect on events of the 2019–20 fire season to review and enhance evacuation plans and processes with consideration of:

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4173 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 4

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that in conjunction with Inquiry Recommendation 2, the State establish or assign responsibility to a single body or entity to lead and coordinate the implementation of evidence-based fuel management policy, practice and assurance and repor

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4183 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 14

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that Emergency Management Victoria – in consultation with relevant agencies – develop a system to manage personnel and asset deployments to all tiers of incident management to meet the needs of the emergency and support the health and well

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4175 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 6

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that the Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning (or the single entity referenced in Recommendation 4) – supported by other organisations with a legislated responsibility for fuel management – plan for and increase the applicat

Inquiry into the 2019–20 Victorian Fire Season: Summary Report Phase 1 - Community and sector preparedness for and response to the 2019-20 fire season
INQ318
REC318-4171 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 2

The Inspector-General for Emergency Management recommends that the State review (and where necessary amend) legislation including but not limited to the Country Fire Authority Act 1958, Forest Act 1958 and Local Government Act 2020 to:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4124 D - Recovery 6 - Insurance and legal liability Recommendation 72 - Review the thresholds and activation process for the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements

In reviewing the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements, Australian, state and territory governments should examine the small disaster criterion, and financial thresholds generally. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4127 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 75 - Better incorporate 'build back better' within the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements

Australian, state and territory governments should incorporate the principle of ‘build back better’ more broadly into the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4128 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 76 - Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements recovery measures to facilitate resilience

Australian, state and territory governments should broaden Category D of the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements to encompass funding for recovery measures that are focused on resilience, including in circumstances which are not ‘exceptional’. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4073 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 21 - Improve understanding of Australian Defence Force capabilities

State and territory governments should take steps to ensure that there is better interaction, planning and ongoing understanding of Australian Defence Force capabilities and processes by state and territory fire and emergency service agencies and local governments. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4070 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 18 - Delivery of a Public Safety Mobile Broadband capability

Australian, state and territory governments should expedite the delivery of a Public Safety Mobile Broadband capability. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4076 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 24 - A sovereign aerial firefighting capability

Australian, state and territory governments should develop an Australian-based and registered national aerial firefighting capability, to be tasked according to greatest national need. This capability should include:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4129 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 77 - Streamline the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements processes

Australian, state and territory governments should create simpler Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements application processes. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4078 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 26 - Developing the aerial firefighting industry's capability

Australian, state and territory governments should adopt procurement and contracting strategies that support and develop a broader Australian-based sovereign aerial firefighting industry. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4082 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 30 - Collective awareness and mitigation of risks to critical infrastructure

The Australian Government, working with state and territory governments and critical infrastructure operators, should lead a process to:
(1) identify critical infrastructure
(2) assess key risks to identified critical infrastructure from natural disasters

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4101 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 49 - National Air Quality Forecasting Capability

Australian, state and territory governments should develop national air quality forecasting capabilities, which include broad coverage of population centres and apply to smoke and other airborne pollutants, such as dust and pollen, to predict plume behaviour. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4083 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 31 - Improving coordination arrangements between critical infrastructure sectors and with government

The Australian Government should work with state and territory governments and critical infrastructure operators to improve information flows during and in response to natural disasters:
(1) between critical infrastructure operators, and

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4094 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 42 - Development and implementation of the Australian Fire Danger Rating System

State and territory governments should expedite the development and implementation of the Australian Fire Danger Rating System. It should ensure that there is national consistency in the visual display of the AFDRS and action to be taken in response to each rating. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4080 C - Response 18 - Access to fire ground Recommendation 28 - Comprehensive information

State and territory governments should include road closure and opening information on all roads within their borders on public apps. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4123 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 71 - Appropriate sharing of personal information

Australian, state and territory governments should ensure that personal information of individuals affected by a natural disaster is able to be appropriately shared between all levels of government, agencies, insurers, charities and organisations delivering recovery services, taking account of al

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4096 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 44 - The Australian Warning System

State and territory governments should urgently deliver and implement thevall-hazard Australian Warning System. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4081 C - Response 18 - Access to fire ground Recommendation 29 - Provision of information

State and territory governments should provide information to the public on the closure and opening of roads. Information should be provided in real-time, or in advance based on predictions, where possible. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4131 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 79 - An independent accountability and assurance mechanism for each state and territory

Each state and territory government should establish an independent accountability and assurance mechanism to promote continuous improvement and best practice in natural disaster arrangements. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4098 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 46 - The development of national standards for mobile applications

The Australian Government should facilitate state and territory governments working together to develop minimum national standards of information to be included in bushfire warnings apps. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4055 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 3 - Revise COMDISPLAN

The Australian Government should revise the COMDISPLAN thresholds to provide that a request for Australian Government assistance, including Defence assistance, is able to be made by a state or territory government when:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4071 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 19 - Multi-agency national-level exercises

Australian, state and territory governments should conduct multi-agency, national-level exercises, not limited to cross-border jurisdictions. These exercises should, at a minimum:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4085 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 33 - Responsibility for local government disaster management capability and capacity

State and territory governments should take responsibility for the capability and capacity of local governments to which they have delegated their responsibilities in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from natural disasters, to ensure local governments are able to effectively discharge

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4114 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 62

State, territory and local governments should be required to consider present and future natural disaster risk when making land-use planning decisions for new developments. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4099 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 47 - Exploring the development of a national, all-hazard warning app

Australian, state and territory governments should continue to explore the feasibility of a national, all-hazard emergency warning app. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4064 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 12 - Consistent impact data standards

Australian, state and territory governments should work together to develop consistent data standards to measure disaster impact. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4121 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 69 - National level recovery exercises

Australian, state and territory governments should work together to develop a program for national level recovery exercises, building on the work currently underway through the Community Outcomes and Recovery Subcommittee of the Australia-New Zealand Emergency Management Committee. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4086 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 34 - Resource sharing arrangements between local governments

State and territory governments should review their arrangements for sharing resources between their local governments during natural disasters, including whether those arrangements:
(1) provide sufficient surge capacity, and

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4115 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 63

The Australian Building Codes Board, working with other bodies as appropriate, should:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4072 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 20 - Employment predictions for fire and emergency services volunteers

The Australian Government should consider whether employment protections under the Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) are sufficient to ensure that fire and emergency services volunteers will not be discriminated against, disadvantaged or dismissed for reasons associated with their volunteer service during

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4059 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 7 - National disaster risk information

Australian, state and territory governments should prioritise the implementation of harmonised data governance and national data standards. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4057 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 5 - Establishing a standing resilience and recovery entity

The Australian Government should establish a standing entity that will enhance national natural disaster resilience and recovery, focused on long-term disaster risk reduction. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4088 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 36 - Evacuation planning - Evacuation routes and seasonal populations

State and territory governments should ensure that those responsible for evacuation planning periodically review those plans, and update them where appropriate, including in relation to:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4060 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 8 - Common information platforms and shared technologies

Australian, state and territory governments should create common information platforms and share technologies to enable collaboration in the production, analysis, access, and exchange of information, data and knowledge about climate and disaster risks. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4061 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 9 - Implementation of the National Disaster Risk Information Services Capability

Australian, state and territory governments should support the implementation of the National Disaster Risk Information Services Capability and aligned climate adaptation initiatives. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4089 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 37 - Evacuation planning - Essential services and supplies

State and territory governments should ensure that those responsible for evacuation planning periodically review those plans, and update them where appropriate, including in relation to:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4104 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 52 - Prioritising mental health during and after natural disasters

Australian, state and territory governments should refine arrangements to support localised planning and the delivery of appropriate mental health services following a natural disaster. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4065 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 13 - Collection and sharing of impact data

Australian, state and territory governments should continue to develop a greater capacity to collect and share standardised and comprehensive natural disaster impact data. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4062 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 10 - Features of the National Disaster Risk Information Services Capability

The National Disaster Risk Information Services Capability should include tools and systems to support operational and strategic decision making, including integrated climate and disaster risk scenarios tailored to various needs of relevant industry sectors and end users. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4110 A - Responsibility 42 - Culture and Heritage Recommendation 58 - Indigenous land and fire management and natural disaster resilience

Australian, state, territory and local governments should engage further with Traditional Owners to explore the relationship between Indigenous land and fire management and natural disaster resilience. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4087 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 35 - Roadside vegetation management

State and territory governments, working with local governments and fire and emergency service agencies, should ensure that there are appropriate arrangements for roadside vegetation management that take into account, among other things:
(1) priority access and egress routes

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4090 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 38 - Sheltering terminology should be made nationally consistent

State and territory governments should, as a priority, adopt nationally consistent terminology and functions for the different sheltering facilities, including evacuation centres, Neighbourhood Safer Places, places of last resort and natural disaster shelters. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4116 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 64 - Debris clean-up arrangements

Governments should create and publish standing policy guidance on whether they will or will not assist to clean-up debris, including contaminated debris, resulting from natural hazards. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4068 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 16 - A national register of fire and emergency services personnel and equipment

Australian, state and territory governments should establish a national register of fire and emergency services personnel, equipment and aerial assets. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4067 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 15 - Assessment of the capacity and capability of fire and emergency services in light of current and future natural disaster risk

State and territory governments should have a structured process to regularly assess the capacity and capability requirements of fire and emergency services, in light of both current and future natural disaster risk. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4111 A - Responsibility 42 - Culture and Heritage Recommendation 59 - Indigenous land and fire management and public land management

Australian, state, territory and local governments should explore further opportunities to leverage Indigenous land and fire management insights, in the development, planning and execution of public land management activities. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4107 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 55 - Public availability of fuel load management strategies

Public land managers should clearly convey and make available to the public their fuel load management strategies, including the rationale behind them, as well as report annually on the implementation and outcomes of those strategies. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4091 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 39 - National community education

State and territory governments should provide further community education on the function and limitations of different sheltering facilities, including evacuation centres, Neighbourhood Safer Places, places of last resort and natural disaster shelters.

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4117 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 65 - Arrangements for donated goods

State and territory governments should develop and implement efficient and effective arrangements to:
(1) educate the public about the challenges associated with donated goods, for example, the storage and distribution of donated goods, and

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4105 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 53

Australian, state and territory governments should agree to: 
(1) develop consistent and compatible methods and metrics to measure health impacts related to natural disasters, including mental health, and 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4079 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 27 - Supply chains - government review

Australian, state and territory governments, in consultation with local governments and the private sector, should review supply chain risks, and consider options to ensure supply of essential goods in times of natural disasters. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4063 F - Research and technology 23 - Climate Change Recommendation 11 - National climate projection

Australian, state and territory governments should produce downscaled climate
projections:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4084 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 32 - Disaster education for individuals and communities

State and territory governments should continue to deliver, evaluate and improve education and engagement programs aimed at promoting disaster resilience for individuals and communities.

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4053 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 1 - Forum for Ministers

Australian, state and territory governments should restructure and reinvigorate ministerial forums with a view to enabling timely and informed strategic decision-making in respect of:
(1) long-term policy improvement in relation to natural disasters

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4108 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 56 - Assessment and approval processes for vegetation management, bushfire mitigation and hazard reduction

Australian, state and territory governments should review the assessment and approval processes relating to vegetation management, bushfire mitigation and hazard reduction to:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4066 C - Response 2 - Emergency powers Recommendation 14 - Make provision for a declaration of a state of emergency

The Australian Government should make provision, in legislation, for a declaration of a state of national emergency. The declaration should include the following components:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4092 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 40 - Evacuation planning - Evacuation centres

State and territory governments should ensure those responsible for evacuation planning periodically review these plans, and update them where appropriate, to account for the existence and standard of any evacuation centres and safer places (however described) in the community, including:

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4118 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 66 - Reform fundraising laws

Australian, state and territory governments should create a single national scheme for the regulation of charitable fundraising. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4106 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 54 - Environmental data

Australian, state and territory governments should ensure greater consistency and collaboration in the collation, storage, access and provision of data on the distribution and conservation status of Australian flora and fauna. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4077 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 25 - Research and evaluation into aerial firefighting

Australian, state and territory governments should support ongoing research and evaluation into aerial firefighting. This research and evaluation should include:
(1) assessing the specific capability needs of states and territories, and

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4103 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 51 - Inclusion of primary care in disaster management

Australian, state and territory governments should develop arrangements that facilitate greater inclusion of primary healthcare providers in disaster management, including: representation on relevant disaster committees and plans and providing training, education and other supports. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4095 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 43 - Education on the Australian Fire Danger Rating System

State and territory governments should deliver education to ensure that the public understands the new Australian Fire Danger Rating System ratings, the potential danger attached to each rating, and the action that should be taken in response to each rating. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4130 A - Responsibility 21 - Role of Commonwealth Government Recommendation 78 - Accountability and assurance mechanisms at the Australian Government level

The Australian Government should establish accountability and assurance mechanisms to promote continuous improvement and best practice in natural disaster arrangements. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4054 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 2 - Establishment of an authoritative disaster advisory body

Australian, state and territory governments should establish an authoritative advisory body to consolidate advice on strategic policy and relevant operational considerations for ministers in relation to natural disasters. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4093 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 41 - Evacuation planning - Planning for evacuations across boundaries

State and territory governments should ensure those responsible for evacuation planning periodically review those plans, and update where appropriate, to provide for coordination between states and territories in cross border areas and to provide cross-border access to evacuation centres. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4119 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 67

The Australian Government, through the mechanism of the proposed standing national recovery and resilience agency, should convene regular and ongoing national forums for charities, non-government organisations and volunteer groups, with a role in natural disaster recovery, with a view to continuo

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4120 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 68 - National recovery resource sharing arrangements

Australian, state and territory governments should establish a national mechanism for sharing of trained and qualified recovery personnel and best practice during and following natural disasters. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4109 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 57 - Classification, recording and sharing of fuel load data

Australian, state and territory governments should develop consistent processes for the classification, recording and sharing of fuel load data. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4132 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 80

The material published as part of this Royal Commission should remain available and accessible on a long-term basis for the benefit of individuals, communities, organisations, businesses and all levels of government. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4097 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 45 - An education campaign on the Australian Warning System

State and territory governments should ensure that the implementation of the Australian Warning System is accompanied by a carefully developed national education campaign that considers the needs of all Australians. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4056 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 4 - Integrating disaster management of the Australian Government

Australian Government agencies should work together across all phases of disaster management. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4074 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 22 - Review of Defence Assistance to the Civil Community manual

The Australian Government should review the content of the Defence Assistance to the Civil Community manual to ensure consistency of language and application with a revised COMDISPLAN. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4075 D - Recovery 6 - Insurance and legal liability Recommendation 23 - Legal protections for Australian Defence Force members

The Australian Government should afford appropriate legal protections from civil and criminal liability to Australian Defence Force members when conducting activities under an authorisation to prepare for, respond to and recover from natural disasters.

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4122 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 70 - Evaluation of financial assistance measures to support recovery

Australian, state and territory and local governments should evaluate the effectiveness of existing financial assistance measures to inform the development of a suite of pre-effective pre-determined recovery supports. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4100 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 48 - Nationally consistent air quality information, health advice and interventions

Australian, state and territory governments should:
(1) develop close to real-time, nationally consistent air quality information, including consistent categorisation and public health advice
(2) greater community education and guidance, and

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4058 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 6 - Enhanced national preparedness and response entity

The Australian Government should enhance national preparedness for, and response to, natural disasters, building on the responsibilities of Emergency Management Australia, to include facilitating resource sharing decisions of governments and stress testing national disaster plans. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4102 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 50 - Australian Medical Assistance Teams

Australian, state and territory governments should review Australian Medical Assistance Team capabilities and procedures and develop necessary training, exercising and other arrangements to build capacity for domestic deployments. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4113 D - Recovery 6 - Insurance and legal liability Recommendation 61 - Guidance for insurer-recognised retrofitting and mitigation

The insurance industry, as represented by the Insurance Council of Australia, working with state and territory governments and other relevant stakeholders, should produce and communicate to consumers clear guidance on individual-level natural hazard risk mitigation actions insurers will recognise

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4126 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 74 - Develop nationally consistent, pre-agreed recovery programs

Australian, state and territory governments should expedite the development of pre-agreed recovery programs, including those that address social needs, such as legal assistance domestic violence, and also environmental recovery. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4125 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 73 - Nationally consistent Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements assistance measures

Australian, state and territory and local governments should develop greater consistency in the financial support provided to individuals, small businesses and primary producers under the Disaster Recovery Funding Arrangements. 

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4112 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 60

State and territory governments should:
(1) each have a process or mechanism in place to communicate natural hazard risk information to households (including prospective purchasers) in ‘hazard prone’ areas, and

Royal Commission into National Natural Disaster Arrangements
INQ317
REC317-4069 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 17 - Interoperable communications for fire and emergency services across jurisdictions

State and territory governments should update and implement the National Framework to Improve Government Radio Communications Interoperability, or otherwise agree a new strategy, to achieve interoperable communications across jurisdictions. 

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4039 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 26

Establish a Communications Working Group (CWG) with representatives from across key Directorates (CMTEDD, ESA, ACT Policing, Health, CHS, EPSDD for example) to review the CCIP and to further identify how the CCIP can be best implemented and utilised.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4035 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 22

Review, refine and implement the joint ESA/EPSDD Arrangement for Fire Management in the ACT with the previous recommendation in mind.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4049 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Interim Report Recommendation 1

The Emergencies Act 2004 be amended to allow for the appointment of the EC to be made for a discretionary time period of up to 28 days with the requirement for a legislated review of the appointment to be removed.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4023 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 10

An opportunity to exercise and test the formation and functioning of a Management Executive through desktop and/or limited scenario-based exercises be provided.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4050 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Interim Report Recommendation 2

The Emergencies Act 2004 be amended to allow for the provision for a Deputy Emergency Controller to be appointed, independent of the initial appointment of an EC. The powers and functions of this appointment to be contingent on the absence of the EC.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4028 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 15

Any changes to the ECC structure and role be exercised both within ESA and across a WHoG exercise and testing program.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4017 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 4

The working group (Rec 1) should include relevant stakeholders deciding collectively what the declaration might mean for such things as sub and supporting plans and the relevant community messages and calls to action.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4051 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Interim Report Recommendation 3

The Emergencies Act 2004 be amended so that the powers, including delegations, available to an EC be granted on their appointment and remain in place under the same section of the Act for the duration of their appointment rather than being drawn from different sections of the Act that are depende

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4032 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 19

Concurrent and/or non–standard emergencies such as energy supply impacts be included in future exercise programs.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4019 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 6

In collaboration with other jurisdictions the ACT share the learnings for this bushfire event and work to officially embedded values officers and RRATs as key elements of bushfire response.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4052 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Interim Report Recommendation 4

The ACT Emergencies Act 2004 be amended to clarify that the powers of the EC encompass the power to direct agencies and directorates to share personal information for the preservation of life and protection of Canberrans.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4040 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 27

The PICC be exercised in conjunction with any and all Emergency Plan exercises to test and refine strengthened arrangements.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4034 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 21

Efforts be increased to build trust, confidence and a common operating picture across PCS and RFS and seek mechanisms that identifies RFS and PCS as equitable partners in delivery of fire management across the territory.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4043 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 30

NDIA be engaged in regard to information sharing in emergencies as part of the above actions.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4044 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 31

A Relocation and Evacuation working group be established from stakeholder organisations to consider and develop an Evacuation and Relocations Sub- Plan. The Sub-Plan should consider the lessons learned this year and address principles, lead agency, WHoG coordination, trigger points etc.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4046 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 33

Emergency Plan and Recovery sub-plans should be amended to better define recovery mechanisms and responsibilities, including hand over points to recovery authorities and community engagement for the delivery of long term recovery mechanisms.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4045 A - Responsibility 42 - Culture and Heritage Recommendation 32

WHoG desktop exercise should be conducted to test and support relocation and evacuation planning.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4014 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 1

That Justice and Community Safety Directorate (JACS) lead a working group from across relevant organisations to undertake the five year review of the Emergencies Act in conjunction with a wholistic review of the Emergency Plan and relevant sub-plans; and recommendations from this review, to the e

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4015 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 2

The working group should report to SEMSOG on progress.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4018 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 5

The five year review of the Emergencies Act examine amendments to better define the rationale for a State of Alert / State of Emergency whilst ensuring that the relevant Minister / Chief Minister still has sufficient discretion to make a declaration based on advice from relevant Government offici

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4016 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 3

That the Emergency Plan be amended to include considerations for declaring a State of Alert or Emergency (and also wind back from these) and guidance as to what actions and decisions at a minimum should be taken as a consequence of such a declaration.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4041 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 28

The ESA Community Education and Engagement program be adapted to include an expanded role for RFS volunteers and include a wider set of stakeholders who are more vulnerable to the impact of bushfire.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4033 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 20

The BFC Terms of Reference be reviewed to ensure they are contemporary and reflect learnings from this and recent bushfire seasons.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4022 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 9

That when determining their Management Executive, at a minimum the EC should consider appointing Director-General JACS and the PIC as standing members.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4038 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 25

The CCIP be reviewed in conjunction with the review of the Emergency Plan and the two synchronised. A workable approach to delivering operational emergency communications and strategic WhoG communications is developed with simple and clear reporting arrangements.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4026 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 13

The role, level, requirements and expectations of an ECC LO be clarified in the Emergency Plan and ECC Ops Sub-plan.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4020 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 7

EPSDD and ESA work together to develop values officer training and accreditation.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4029 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 16

ACT Government continues to develop the concept for an ACT specific emergency app whilst also using national coordination mechanisms to support an affordable nationally standard all-hazards mobile app.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4042 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 29

ACT Government undertake a detailed legislative review to ensure that information regarding vulnerable community members can be appropriately accessed, provided and used during an emergency event.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4027 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 14

All organisations who have a role in the ECC should review their existing arrangements to ensure there is a sufficient cohort of staff to maintain a presence in the ECC at a level and with an imprimatur sufficient to make decisions and allocate resources and have access to senior executive levels

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4021 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 8

The Emergency Plan be amended to better reflect the intent of the Emergencies Act in the establishment of a Management Executive, separate to SEMSOG, on the appointment of an EC.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4047 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 34

Government consider an alternative funding arrangement for extraordinary costs borne by Government agencies in combating emergencies such as bushfires.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4030 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 17

Continue to explore options in the short term to improve the functionality and relationship with NSW RFS ‘Fires Near Me’ with respect to ACT specific information before the 2020-21 bushfire season.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4031 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 18

The ESA hold bi-lateral executive level meetings with the utility providers on a regular basis in consultation with other relevant Government stakeholders.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4024 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 11

The Government consider amendments to the Emergencies Act to include provision for a Deputy ESA Commissioner.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4048 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 35

Government consider adopting a similar model to NSW for the management of emergency costs and reimbursements within ACT Government agencies.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4037 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 24

Consideration be given to developing alternate website contingency in the event of a critical failure and an assurance review across all community facing Government websites.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4036 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 23

Government give consideration to investment in professional specialities such as fire behaviour analysts, airbase managers, aerial firefighting technical specialists etc for the RFS.

Report to the Minister for Police and Emergency Services on ACT Government coordination and response during the 2019-20 Bushfire Season
INQ316
REC316-4025 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 12

The Emergency Plan and ECC Ops Plan be amended to better articulate the delivery of emergency management vs the delivery of the emergency plan.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3865 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 68

That the NSW RFS include the following priorities in the Fires Near Me improvements roadmap:
a) text enlargement functionality
b) a clear statement about the app’s limitations and the importance of heeding public warnings and relying on personal observations

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3861 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 64

That, in order to expand the pool of trained personnel able to undertake the Public Information Functional Area Coordinator (PIFAC) role, Resilience NSW and the NSW Police Media Unit (PIFAC) develop and deliver a training package for Emergency Management Media Liaison Officers.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3849 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 52

That, in order to enhance NSW’s fire fighting capacity, Government trial aerial fire fighting at night in the 2020-21 season with a view to full implementation if successful.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3814 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 17

That the NSW RFS identifies remote bush fire prone areas that do not already have an indoor Neighbourhood Safer Place (NSP) and upgrades the relevant NSW RFS Stations to meet NSP guidelines.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3866 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 69

That, in order to ensure evacuation arrangements can be scaled up when needed, Resilience NSW:
a) ensure staff who are willing to be deployed to evacuation centres are trained as soon as possible to bolster evacuation centre staff surge capacity

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3800 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 3

That the NSW Government, along with other Australian governments, ask AFAC to establish a national bush fire database. This database would enable:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3825 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 28

That Government, acknowledging that a strategic approach to planning for bush fire will take time, and in order to protect, prepare and build resilience into existing communities better, should immediately:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3867 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 70

That, in order to ensure evacuation centres are fit-for-purpose, Resilience NSW work with Local Emergency Management Committees (LEMCs) to:                                                                                                                                       a) update the guideline

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3801 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 4

That, in order to improve capability to detect ignitions and monitor accurately all fire edge intensity and progression automatically across the State in near real time, Government establish a spatial technology acceleration program to maximise the information available from the various remote se

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3830 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 33

That as a matter of urgency, in order to accelerate and finalise a State-wide strategic fire trail network, the NSW RFS Commissioner and Bush Fire Coordinating Committee (BFCC):

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3824 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs Recommendation 27

That Government commit to shifting to a strategic approach to planning for bush fire, and develop a new NSW Bush Fire Policy similar to the NSW Flood Prone Land Policy in order to accommodate changing climate conditions and the increasing likelihood of catastrophic bush fire conditions; to build

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3821 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 24

That government agencies managing land (at all levels and through all agencies) be the best neighbours possible by considering their neighbours when undertaking activities related to bush fire preparation and having clear, two-way communication about these activities, with the aspiration that gov

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3870 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 73

That, in order to ensure the safety and wellbeing of vulnerable people during an evacuation, Resilience NSW:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3834 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 37

That, in order to ensure all firefighters understand how local situational awareness reflects (or may not reflect) the broader scale situation presented by a large/extreme bush fire and the implications this may have on asset protection and fire suppression strategies, the NSW RFS:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3838 E - Agency Organisation 29 - Operational Health and Safety Recommendation 41

That, in order to ensure all NSW RFS members can access the mental health support they need, the NSW RFS expands in-house mental health support for members.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3819 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 22

That, as part of the spatial technology acceleration program, Government support deployment of remote sensing and picture processing technologies to monitor and audit how well Asset Protection Zones and defendable space are being maintained, especially around towns.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3829 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 32

That, in order to ensure outcomes-based roadside vegetation management to reduce roadside tree fall and grass ignitions in planning and preparing for bush fire, Transport for NSW, working with local government and NSW RFS, establish a consistent framework for roadside vegetation management that a

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3871 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 74

That, in order to ensure equitable access to evacuation centres and associated support services for people in border communities, Resilience NSW ensure cross-border access arrangements are reflected in evacuation centre management guidelines.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3868 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 71

That, in order to ensure people only need to tell their story once to access government agency support following an emergency, Resilience NSW and Service NSW jointly design an inclusive, person-centred approach to information collection at evacuation centres.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3841 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 44

That, in order to ensure suitably skilled and experienced personnel operate as Divisional Commanders during major fire incidents, Bush Fire Management Committees identify appropriate personnel as part of their plan of operations.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3839 E - Agency Organisation 29 - Operational Health and Safety Recommendation 42

That, to ensure firefighters can access mental health support through GPs, Government work with the Commonwealth Government to:
a) provide a free mental health screen to firefighters post-fire event and waive any gap payments if additional treatment is required

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3804 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 7

That the NSW RFS Commissioner consult with the Fire and Rescue NSW Commissioner and other emergency services to develop a protocol in the event that simultaneous emergency events necessitate the re-allocation of resources while a Section 44 declaration is in place.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3822 A - Responsibility 42 - Culture and Heritage Recommendation 25

That Government adopt the principle that cultural burning is one component of a broader practice of traditional Aboriginal land management and is an important cultural practice, not simply another technique of hazard reduction burning.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3810 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 13

That, to ensure updated resource-sharing arrangements are in place, the NSW and Victorian Governments progress and finalise a multi-agency Memorandum of Understanding before the 2020-21 fire season commences.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3872 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 75

That, in order to improve support for people evacuating with animals, the Department of Primary Industries:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3846 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 49

That, in order to maximise the efficiency and effectiveness of heavy plant used in dry fire fighting techniques, the NSW RFS expand and introduce the following in respect to heavy plant:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3840 E - Agency Organisation 29 - Operational Health and Safety Recommendation 43

That, in order to ensure firefighter sustenance is of sufficient volume and quality, the NSW RFS reviews food standards and procedures in consultation with volunteers.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3805 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 8

That, to strengthen cross-agency accountability and deliver improved bush fire risk management outcomes:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3823 A - Responsibility 42 - Culture and Heritage Recommendation 26

That, in order to increase the respectful, collaborative and effective use of Aboriginal land management practices in planning and preparing for bush fire, Government commit to pursuing greater application of Aboriginal land management, including cultural burning, through a program to be coordina

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3842 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 45

That, in order to prioritise early suppression and keep fires small:
a) Government set a KPI for NPWS regarding the percentage of fires that start on-park and are contained within 10 hectares, and consider whether 70% is an appropriate KPI for the NSW RFS and NPWS

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3816 B - Preparedness 5 - Hazard reduction burns Recommendation 19

That Government re-commit to the current, regionally based approach to planning and coordinating hazard reduction activities across all tenures through Bush Fire Management Committees but ensure that it is actually being implemented at a high-level of quality across NSW.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3806 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 9

That the NSW RFS work with AFAC to analyse the impact of changing fire seasons on inter- jurisdictional resource sharing agreements, both domestic and international, and determine any flow-on effects for NSW fire fighting personnel capacity.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3857 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 60

That, in order to ensure timely payment and maintain positive ongoing supplier relationships during large-scale bush fires, the NSW RFS implements an automated logistics solution, informed by the outcomes of the Emergency Logistics Project.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3820 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 23

That Government amend the Rural Fires Act 1997 so that all public land management agencies be required to forward complaints received about bush fire hazards to the Commissioner of the NSW RFS. As an interim measure, heads of agencies should commence this practice immediately.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3869 A - Responsibility 42 - Culture and Heritage Recommendation 72

That, in order to ensure Aboriginal people can access appropriate support during evacuation, Resilience NSW work with Local Emergency Management Committees and Aboriginal Affairs to ensure:
a) local Aboriginal communities are included in emergency planning and preparation

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3799 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 2

That at the start of each fire season, based on advice from the Bush Fire Coordinating Committee, Government provide a public statement with an evaluation of the likely fire season risk and the effectiveness of the planning and preparation for the upcoming season.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3817 B - Preparedness 5 - Hazard reduction burns Recommendation 20

That Government, noting that hazard reduction targeted in proximity to assets is on balance more likely to provide help than hinder, should:
a) support local councils and partner agencies to implement more comprehensive hazard

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3826 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 29

That, in order to maximise the protection of critical infrastructure in a bush fire, Australian governments revise the regulatory framework for the provision to government authorities of information about all critical infrastructure (public and private) including a possible change to compel the o

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3835 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 38

That, in order to ensure the safety of local landholders on firegrounds, the NSW RFS emphasises the importance of local landholders using protective clothing while fire fighting as part of the RFS’ ‘Farm Fire Unit Integration’ priority for 2020-21.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3844 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 47

That, in order to enhance fire fighting strategies in severe conditions, the NSW RFS implements the following in respect to backburning:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3802 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 5

That Government establish NSW as a major world centre of bush fire research, and technology development and commercialisation. This should include:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3828 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 31

That, in order to improve bush fire planning and protection of road infrastructure and to ensure communities, freight movers and fire fighting agencies have appropriate access and egress in a bush fire event, Government, working with local government as needed:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3827 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 30

That, in order to minimise communication outages and extend basic communication coverage during bush fires, the NSW Government work directly, or together with other Australian governments and/or their relevant power and telecommunications regulatory, policy and market bodies, to:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3863 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 66

That, in order to provide real-time information on evacuation doorknocking during emergency events, Government explore a shared data gateway for NSW agencies based on the NSW State Emergency Service Collector app and a common mapping and analytics platform.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3818 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 21

That, in order to improve understanding of optimal hazard reduction techniques and their application in the landscape:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3864 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 67

That, in order to ensure people can access clear information on cross-border fires, the NSW RFS:
a) incorporate information on fires in neighbouring states and territories into Fires Near Me NSW

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3851 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 54

That, to ensure mobile generators are sourced and distributed on a priority basis during natural disasters, the EUSFAC work with the NSW Telco Authority, relevant NSW government agencies and commercial stakeholders to develop a mobile asset deployment strategy.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3809 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 12

That Government work with other Australian governments to provide long-term funding certainty to AFAC, including the National Resource Sharing Centre (NRSC) and the National Aerial Firefighting Centre (NAFC).

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3815 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 18

That, in order to equip NSW RFS with comprehensive information on all structures and assets at risk of bush fire, Government ensures that:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3831 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 34

That, in order to capture and understand the impacts of bush fire smoke better, Government invest in operational air quality forecasting and alert systems, and public health research and policy development. This would involve investment to:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3798 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 1

That, in order to ensure recommendations accepted by the Government are implemented in a timely and transparent manner, Government establish a central accountability mechanism to track implementation of recommendations from bush fire-related reviews and inquiries and consider expanding this to ot

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3856 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 59

That, in order to improve response times to Triple Zero calls, the NSW RFS implements the integrated dispatch system before the 2020-21 fire season commences.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3852 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 55

That, in order to improve fireground communications between NSW agencies and interstate personnel:                                      a) Government ensure all NSW fire authority personnel and vehicles can access and utilise the Public Safety Network (PSN).

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3836 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 39

That, in order to ensure frontline personnel have appropriate personal protective clothing during bush fires:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3845 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 48

That Government commission further research on the potential risks and benefits of backburning during severe, extreme and catastrophic conditions and/or in particular terrain, and that the NSW RFS use this research to inform future backburning protocols and training.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3812 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 15

That Government commit to:
a) evaluating existing bush fire preparedness programs to determine the most effective and efficient approach given increased frequency of extreme fire seasons, and develop outcomes-based measures to monitor programs’ impact over time

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3853 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 56

That, in order to ensure the State Emergency Operations Centre (SEOC) can maintain communications during emergencies, the Government provide the SEOC with independent Public Safety Network functionality.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3837 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 40

That, in order to improve firefighter safety, Government fire authorities:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3858 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 61

That, in order to improve cross-agency communication and coordination during bush fires, the NSW RFS review Fire Control Centres (FCCs) in areas that were heavily affected by fire.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3854 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 57

That, in order to ensure emergency response agencies can communicate across state and territory borders, the Commonwealth Government allocate 10 + 10 MHz as a dedicated spectrum for Public Safety Mobile Broadband (PSMB) at no cost to states and territories.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3811 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 14

That in order to provide greater consistency in public information and warnings, especially in border areas:
a) the finalisation of the Australian Warning System be prioritised to provide greater consistency in public information and warnings

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3843 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 46

That, in order to improve early fire suppression, the NSW RFS trial initial aerial dispatch in areas of high bush fire risk. The trial should identify the most appropriate and cost-effective mix of aircraft, and any associated infrastructure improvements that would be required.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3859 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 62

That, in order to ensure State Emergency Operations Centre (SEOC) interoperability during all natural disasters, Resilience NSW review the current SEOC arrangements and location including responsibilities for ongoing resourcing and maintenance.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3855 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 58

That, in order to ensure all agencies have a clear understanding of cross-border communication channels during bush fires, all MoUs between state or territory agencies include an agreed protocol about how agencies will communicate across borders and that these are reflected in Incident Action Pla

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3832 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 35

That, in order to improve the provision of evidence-based public health messaging about air quality during bush fire events, Government develop a public education campaign and supporting systems before the next bush fire season. This should include:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3803 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 6

That Government support training initiatives to increase the capacity of fire authorities to fight the kind of megafires seen in the 2019-20 season. The training initiatives should include:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3847 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 50

That, in order to ensure Australia’s fire fighting aerial capacity capitalises on existing assets and is made up of the right mix, Government:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3833 A - Responsibility 3 - Biodiversity Recommendation 36

That Government invest in long-term ecosystem and land management monitoring, modelling, forecasting, research and evaluation, and harness citizen science in this effort. This will include, among other things:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3808 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 11

That, in order to strengthen the capability of local councils in future emergency events:

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3860 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 63

That, in order to ensure the guiding principles and approval processes are contemporary, streamlined and more flexible, the NSW and Commonwealth Governments review the Defence Assistance to the Civil Community (DACC) arrangements.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3813 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 16

That, in order to ensure tourism businesses are prepared for natural disasters including bush fires, Resilience NSW work with NSW RFS and Destination NSW to develop bush fire preparedness support for tourism businesses, based on research into existing models.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3862 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 65

That, in order to improve information flows and increase public awareness of ABC emergency broadcasts, Government:
a) include an ABC Manager in the Public Information Functional Area Coordinator (PIFAC) team within the State Operations Centre

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3807 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 10

That, in order to expand NSW’s specialist aviation personnel safety and capacity, Government expand simulator capabilities at the NSW RFS Training Academy.

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3848 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 51

That, in order to enhance NSW’s ability to improve situational awareness, Government expand FRNSW’s Remotely Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS) capability (both capital assets and trained operators) to major regional centres and ensure the NSW RFS and other NSW government agencies can access this capa

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3850 A - Responsibility 3 - Biodiversity Recommendation 53

That Government develop and implement a policy on injured wildlife response, rescue and rehabilitation including:
a) a framework for the co-ordination and interaction with emergency management structures

Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
INQ315
REC315-3873 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 76

That Resilience NSW review existing functional area arrangements to ensure they are closely aligned to agencies responsible for direct service delivery.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3268 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 10

Incorporate Farm Firefighting Units (FFUs) into the Australasian Inter Service Incident Management System (AIIMS) so that IMTs are aware of their presence on the fireground and their welfare and risks are understood.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3267 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 9

Invest in fireground leadership and incident management training for CFS, SES and MFS personnel to improve safety on the fireground.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3273 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 15

Collate data and research the impact of bushfires upon communities, firefighters and animals (both native and domestic) to identify appropriate medium and long-term welfare and support requirements.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3264 D - Recovery 6 - Insurance and legal liability Recommendation 6

Consider removing stamp duty from home insurance to encourage a wider section of the community to take out insurance. South Australian government agencies should share their risk modelling data with the Insurance Council of Australia.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3265 C - Response 14 - Incident Mgt Teams Recommendation 7

Prepare to ‘scale up’ capability during major bushfire events with senior representatives (including BoM staff) in the SEC 24/7, ensure adequate facilities for IMTs, base camps (e.g. Humanihuts) and recovery centres.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3266 C - Response 14 - Incident Mgt Teams Recommendation 8

Engage with the Australian Defence Force (ADF) once or twice a year to understand the capabilities that could potentially be deployed. Educate IMTs about how to deploy ADF assistance effectively and develop a streamlined ‘call out’ procedure.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3259 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 1

Implement previous review recommendations for bushfire management including those relating to the 2009 amendments to the Fire and Emergency Services Act 2005, State Bushfire Coordination Committee operation, State Bushfire Management Plan, as well as urgent completion of Codes of Practice for fue

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3260 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 2

Align risk assessment tools and processes to Risk Management Standard ISO 31000 and the National Emergency Risk Assessment Guidelines (NERAG) and communicate these on public-facing platforms.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3269 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 11

Develop and practice procedures for the CFS, DEW and local governments to access and deploy heavy plant and machinery for fuel reduction operations both before and during bushfires.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3261 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 3

Consider amending the Fire and Emergency Services Act 2005 to align SAFECOM Board operations with accepted governance standards with the Minister appointing an Independent Chair of the SAFECOM Board.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3270 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 12

Review the use of aviation assets including facilities to operate them given the increased pressure from extended fire seasons on northern and southern hemisphere resources.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3263 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 5

Clarify and streamline processes and educate the community about their roles and responsibilities in managing native vegetation to improve hazard reduction on both public and private land.

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3262 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 4

Invest in upgrading and integrating ICT platforms to eliminate manual data transfers, and ensure IT and radio communication interoperability across the agencies, together with a dedicated focus on the development of a coordinated risk intelligence capability to provide all stakeholders with a com

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3272 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 14

Clarify business continuity and restoration of critical infrastructure in the planning and response phases to facilitate water replenishment, fireground remediation and access to businesses (including farming properties).

Independent review into the 2019/2020 bushfire season
INQ314
REC314-3271 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 13

Better coordinate public information and warnings including evacuation plans and provide a single source of information about, the location and direction of fires, how and when to use Safer Places, Places of Last Resort, relief and recovery centres and directed evacuations.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2507 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 1

Developing, approving and implementing disaster recovery plans for all key business systems.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2510 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 4

Defining recovery time objectives and recovery point objectives for key business systems.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2511 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 5

Scheduling disaster recovery tests for key business systems regularly, in line with their importance.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2515 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 9

Conducting a risk assessment of disaster recovery plans for key business systems.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2508 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 2

Regularly reviewing these plans to ensure that they reflect the current operating environment.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2514 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 8

Upskilling IT resources through disaster recovery testing or formal training.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2509 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 3

Developing detailed recovery procedures.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2513 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 7

Assessing the availability and skillsets of the resources needed to respond to a major disaster recovery event.

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2516 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 10

Documenting disaster recovery risks in agency risk registers, along with controls and treatment plans. 

Disaster recovery planning
INQ313
REC313-2512 A - Responsibility 38 - Agency/Department Reporting Recommendation 6

Documenting results and recommendations from disaster recovery tests.

Review of capability at a district and local level - Townsville disaster district
INQ312
REC312-2506 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 1

The chairpersons of disaster management groups within the Townsville Disaster District, supported by the Queensland Police Service, Queensland Fire and Emergency Services and the Queensland Reconstruction Authority develop a district action plan based on the capability enhancement strategy. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2490 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 2

To enable entities to have a shared understanding of forecast information for dam failure events during a flood, including flood wave travel time, speed and height, Emergency Action Plans contain protocols and responsibilities of relevant stakeholders for these aspects. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2492 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 4

To increase understanding of hazards and manage risks, dam failure for Paradise Dam be included as a separate risk within the North Burnett Local Disaster Management Plan (LDMP). 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2494 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 6

To increase shared understanding of risks, enable coordinated plans and collaboratively engage with downstream community members, residents listed within a dam EAP be identified by the Local Government Area (LGA) they reside in. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2497 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 9

To increase shared understanding of risks, ensure the coordination of plans and manage risks, dam failure for Paradise Dam be included as a separate risk within the Bundaberg District Disaster Management Plan (DDMP). 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2498 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 10

To enhance shared capacity and collaboratively manage risk, the Chair of the Bundaberg DDMG use the QERMF process to determine if dam failure for Paradise Dam should be reported as a residual risk in this instance due to known changes in the risk profile to:

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2499 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 11

To ensure enhanced capability integration and enable timely community messaging Bundaberg LDMG in consultation with Sunwater develop additional Emergency Alerts and associated polygons for a Paradise Dam failure and load these on to the disaster management portal. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2504 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 16

To enable entities in the sector to proactively work to achieve better results for the community, the recommendations and lessons of this review should be evaluated through the lessons management processes of entities involved in dam safety for their value and relevance. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2491 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 3

To enable a shared understanding of the risk, changes in the risk profile of referable dams be clearly communicated by entities that own dams to stakeholders and the community likely to be affected.

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2489 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 1

To enable the community to have a shared understanding of risks and enhance community engagement, flood scenarios in Emergency Action Plans be published, and in a format that can be utilised by public mapping systems. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2505 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 17

This report be returned to the InspectorGeneral Emergency Management to monitor, evaluate and report on progress and implementation of the recommendation(s) that are accepted in whole or in part by government. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2495 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 7

To increase understanding of hazards and manage risks, dam failure for Paradise Dam be included as a separate risk within the Bundaberg LDMP. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2500 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 12

To enable the community to make informed choices about disaster management, Bundaberg and North Burnett regional councils and Sunwater undertake a community-informed audible test of the Paradise Dam siren. 

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2496 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 8

To enhance shared capacity and collaboratively manage risk, the Chair of the Bundaberg LDMG use the Queensland Emergency Risk Management Framework (QERMF) process to determine if dam failure for Paradise Dam should be reported as a residual risk to the Bundaberg DDMG in this instance due to known

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2501 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 13

To enable the community to make informed choices about disaster management, and act on them, a joint Sunwater/council community engagement program be conducted to prepare the community downstream from Paradise Dam for events in the 2019/2020 storm and cyclone season, including the possibility of

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2502 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 14

To enable the community to make informed choices about disaster management, and act on them, Sunwater develop and deliver a sustainable long-term communication strategy on the community safety issues and
risk profile connected with Paradise Dam. This is to be:

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2503 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 15

To enable the casual/itinerant worker and tourism sector, including those who do not have English as a first language, to make informed choices about disaster management, community engagement and communication strategies about Paradise Dam and floods in the Burnett river system be tailored to thi

Paradise Dam Preparedness Review
INQ311
REC311-2493 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 5

To increase shared understanding of risks and enhance capability integration and collaborative planning, both Local Disaster Management Group (LDMG) participate in the exercising of the Paradise Dam Emergency Action Plan. 

Review - Efficacy of recovery governance
INQ310
REC310-2487 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 7

The state’s arrangements for disaster management, including recovery, are articulated in the Disaster Management Act (2003), the Queensland Reconstruction Authority Act (2011), the State Disaster Management Plan and the Queensland Recovery Plan.

Review - Efficacy of recovery governance
INQ310
REC310-2481 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 1

Greater clarity about responsibilities for recovery at the community, local, and district levels should be considered in any future review of the Disaster Management Act (2003).

Review - Efficacy of recovery governance
INQ310
REC310-2482 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 2

Practical guidance on what community-led recovery means, and how it can be best implemented should be captured and shared with all who have responsibility for it.

Review - Efficacy of recovery governance
INQ310
REC310-2483 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 3

09-Community education/engagement/preparedness

Review - Efficacy of recovery governance
INQ310
REC310-2486 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 6

State arrangements for on-the-ground support to recovering local governments should be in line with Queensland’s disaster management arrangements, and ensure the best balance between local relationships, suitable capability and sufficient capacity.

Review - Efficacy of recovery governance
INQ310
REC310-2484 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 4

There remains a need to maximise the effect of all offers of assistance to recovering communities. This recommendation presents an opportunity to resolve any outstanding aspects of Recommendation 4 and Actions in Response from the Cyclone Debbie Review Action Plan:

Review - Efficacy of recovery governance
INQ310
REC310-2485 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 5

Recovery plans at all levels should include transition arrangements. They should be implemented during recovery. The arrangements should:
a. allow for the fluid and overlapping nature of phases of disaster management.

Review - Efficacy of recovery governance
INQ310
REC310-2488 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 8

The basic capacity needs of each functional recovery group and how this can be scaled up should be identified.

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2476 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 10

Energy Queensland and local groups consider establishing formal arrangements that embed measures that assist evacuation plans to increase levels of safety. 

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2480 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 14

Councils should formalise arrangements with entities that have the skills, capability and capacity to effectively manage spontaneous volunteers. These should be documented and integrated into planning and exercising.

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2475 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 9

Greater emphasis be placed on pre-planned and pre-determined arrangements between the Australian Defence Force and State and local agencies.

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2479 C - Response 34 - Local knowledge Recommendation 13

Local groups should plan for and establish clear arrangements to effectively manage offers of assistance including the management of goods, services and volunteers. 

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2467 9 - Community education Recommendation 1

Further work be undertaken to develop effective public flood risk messaging and community education materials that are easy to understand and tested with the community to ensure flood risk is understood. 

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2478 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 12

The progress of recovery for this event be reviewed incrementally over the next 2 to 3 years, with a formal, independent report provided on the effectiveness of the recovery after 3 years.

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2468 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 2

State Government agencies with key roles and responsibilities around disaster recovery provide increased support in the development of recovery at the local level (pre-event). 

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2471 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 5

As part of the annual Emergency Action Plan review for the Ross River Dam, consideration should be given to the potential impacts of operating the gate outside automatic mode and whether this event has provided any new information and learnings which can be incorporated into the Emergency Action

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2474 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 8

The provision of system-wide tools, education, guidance and testing for requests for assistance is strengthened to enhance understanding and outcomes.

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2469 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 3

Entities with disaster management responsibilities need to integrate the eight priorities identified within the Emergency Management Sector Adaptation Plan for Climate Change into their disaster management planning cycle.

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2472 A - Responsibility 38 - Agency/Department Reporting Recommendation 6

A single point of truth be established for accurately capturing and reporting on disaster management group activation levels for any given timeframe. 

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2470 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 4

Evacuation centre plans be revised to better manage vulnerable persons, including the safe storage of medications and providing alternate arrangements for evacuees with additional needs. (e.g. evacuation centre for aged persons). 

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2477 A - Responsibility 21 - Role of Commonwealth Government Recommendation 11

The Department of Housing and Public Works should be included within Local Disaster Management Group evacuation centre planning and plans and assist with decision making around the relocation of evacuees from evacuation centres.

Monsoon Trough Rainfall and Flood Review
INQ309
REC309-2473 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 7

Councils, with the support of stakeholders, continue to develop and promote local disaster dashboards as the ‘point of truth’ for community information and messaging during disaster events. Greater use during recovery should be considered. 

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2465 E - Agency Organisation 29 - Operational Health and Safety Recommendation 17

Fatigue management strategies and guidance should be improved to ensure sustainable staffing practices are incorporated into disaster management planning.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2461 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 13

A strategy should be developed between the key tourism and transport operators, and local and state government. It should address the arrival of visitors and tourists after a disaster, and should ensure that their arrival matches communities’ needs for recovery and return to normal business.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2449 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 1

Queensland should implement and maintain a system-wide lesson management program.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2454 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 6

Local disaster management groups should focus on the business continuity of local critical infrastructure and its integration with other plans.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2457 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 9

Efforts are made to improve the timeliness, accuracy and targeting of Emergency Alert messaging by:
 • educating the sector about how Emergency Alert works in detail, and involving them in its testing.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2450 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 2

The operation and maintenance of flood gauges should be developed and planned for on a catchment basis.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2453 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 5

Business continuity planning should feature permanently in disaster management doctrine.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2451 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 3

Queensland should examine the feasibility of the installation of storm tide markers in prominent public places and the exploration of new technology to highlight storm tide risk to the community and its visitors. 

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2463 D - Recovery 6 - Insurance and legal liability Recommendation 15

Principles, applicable to all tourist budgets, covering liabilities for costs and shelter in the event of evacuation should be developed and promulgated as part of tourism marketing.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2464 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 16

The provision of system-wide education, guidance and testing to enhance requests for Assistance is strengthened.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2455 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 7

The Queensland Offers of Assistance Policy, particularly for corporate donations, should be updated and exercised prior to the next season. 

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2460 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 12

The Queensland Chief Health Officer should work with the Office of the Inspector-General Emergency Management to raise, with the Commonwealth, the need for all aged care providers to plan and exercise for evacuation to a similar safe establishment.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2466 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 18

Exercising should focus on vertical integration and include all levels of the system. A strategic program of exercises should be developed and implemented.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2462 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 14

Relevant authorities should work with the tourism sector to clarify future arrangements for evacuation. In particular they should look closely at differentiating voluntary and directed evacuations in their messaging,

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2459 C - Response 14 - Incident Mgt Teams Recommendation 11

Significant effort should be invested to provide disaster decision-makers at every level with a shared understanding of risks, the situation, and capability, so that they can agree on the best decisions for the communities they serve. 

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2452 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 4

Planning and warnings for storm tide should be based on modelling that shows the chances of an event occurring (probabilistic).

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2456 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 8

A Local Government Association of Queensland representative should be included on the Crisis Communications Network to enhance the delivery of consistent information across and between levels of government.

Cyclone Debbie Review
INQ308
REC308-2458 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 10

A strategy should be developed to improve the availability of information to decision-makers and other audiences. Information should be searchable, more specific, timely, and allow stake-holders to find what they want.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2431 9 - Community education Recommendation 6

Area Fire Management Groups should share seasonal risk information with local groups and actively and appropriately contribute to disaster management planning.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2426 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 1

Queensland's plans and arrangements for heatwave should be reviewed to provide for an intergrated multi-agency approach to their management. A single agency should lead and oversee this process.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2439 9 - Community education Recommendation 14

Education on bushfires should include information about: 
- the change in climate resulting in higher level of bushfire risk
- local bushfire risk, possible consequences, and preventative and preparedness actions for the community

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2427 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 2

Wherever possible, the antecedents that will lead to catastrophic fire weather conditions existing for a particular area should be identified and documented within fire management plan relevant to the area.  

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2447 9 - Community education Recommendation 22

Clear public messaging regarding risks (if any) from the use of suppressants, including to 'organic' producers, should be developed and socialised before the next fire season and be readily available for dissemination when needed.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2432 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 7

Legislation at state and local level requiring landholders to reduce fire risk on their property should be actively applied

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2448 9 - Community education Recommendation 23

Targeted education about the short- and long-term effects of chemical suppressants should reach those likely to be exposed to them before aerial chemical suppressants are used in Queensland again.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2434 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 9

Given an increasing risk of intense fires, the framework of legislation relating to vegetation management, bushfire mitigation and preparation priorities should be re-assessed.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2433 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 8

To make planned burning and land clearing easier to understand and implement for landholders, a single point of contact for all bushfire mitigation inquiries and permits should be established.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2438 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 13

The national messages for catastrophic fire danger ratings should be integrated with all existing and new community bushfire safety information. 

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2441 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 16

Hazard-specific and disaster management guidelines and plans should explain the circumstances and process for hazard-specific activation of the disaster management arrangements in support of an incident.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2437 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality Recommendation 12

The ability to share, analyse, interrogate and display information from disparate entities should be progressed as a matter of some urgency.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2440 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 15

Communications protocols about hazard-specific events should be developed to clarify responsibilities and the principles for the release of information and warnings. They should be included in all related hazard-specific plans and published on relevant websites, and used during events.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2442 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 17

Hazard-specific plans and guidelines should be published on external websites for access by relevant stakeholders.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2435 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 10

Building capacity in fire simulation and predictive capabilities, including the capability of people to read and interpret these products through training, should be investigated and considered.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2443 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 18

Planning for response to bushfire risk should identify all stakeholders to be engaged in the response phase and their roles and responsibilities should be clearly documented.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2445 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 20

All agencies should identify the capacity and appropriate positions for the role of liaison officers, and ensure sufficient numbers are trained.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2428 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 3

The future risk of bushfires to Queensland communities should be re-evaluated as part of the 2020 State Risk Assessment in light of recent and emerging science, events and lessons.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2444 B - Preparedness 41 - Emergency Management exercises Recommendation 19

All disaster management groups should run an exercise that has full involvement of a hazard-specific primary agency in the next 12 months and regularly thereafter.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2446 C - Response 14 - Incident Mgt Teams Recommendation 21

Coordinated arrangements for liaison officer deployment should be considered and documented by disaster management groups across the full spectrum of risk identified for their area of responsibility, and not rely on a singular inflexible approach.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2436 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 11

The outputs of these capabilities should be shared and actively inform the disaster management sector, including response operations and the creation of warnings and public messaging.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2429 9 - Community education Recommendation 4

A good neighbour policy such as that of the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service, setting out clear expectations, be developed to guide all landholders.

The 2018 Queensland Bushfires Review
INQ307
REC307-2430 9 - Community education Recommendation 5

All Area Fire Management Groups should adopt and be guided by a good neighbour policy.

Flood resilience of river catchments
INQ306
REC306-2422 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 1

We recommend that, in the absence of stand-alone catchment management authorities, the Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning fulfil its obligation under the State Disaster Management Plan to drive the enhancement of flood resilience in the four catchments by:

Flood resilience of river catchments
INQ306
REC306-2425 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 4

We recommend that the Department of Natural Resources and Mines and the four councils work together to effectively and economically regulate levee banks.

Flood resilience of river catchments
INQ306
REC306-2423 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 2

We recommend that, in the absence of stand-alone catchment management authorities, the Department of Infrastructure, Local Government and Planning as a matter of priority, establish what funding is reasonably required and complete all elements of the Brisbane River Catchment Flood Studies.

Flood resilience of river catchments
INQ306
REC306-2424 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 3

We recommend that the four councils develop floodplain management plans in accordance with Recommendation 2.12 of the Final Report of the Queensland Floods Commission of Inquiry.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2421 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 17

Include a detailed description of the role, responsibility and accountability of
- key stakeholders groups as described in this section;
- key host agency and Bushfires NT staff;
- Volunteer Bushfires Brigades; and
- key personnel within those organisations.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2405 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 1

Retain the Bushfires Council as a Ministerial advisory body.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2406 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 2

Retain the Regional Bushfires Committees as regional planning and consultative bodies tasked with monitoring, reviewing and making recommendations on fire management in a Fire Control Region.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2410 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 6

Authorise Bushfires NT to establish volunteer bushfire brigades and to give authority to volunteer firefighters to take part in fire suppression and mitigation operations.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2411 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 7

Create new seasonal paid positions to coordinate and support groups of volunteer brigades.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2412 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 8

Maintain independence of volunteer brigades as community-based organisations and clarify the status and role of volunteers within the chain of command.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2413 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 9

Authorise the Director of Bushfires NT to intervene in volunteer brigade affairs where necessary to maintain an effective fire management capacity in a brigade area.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2414 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 10

Clarify and streamline the allocation of powers to Bushfires NT staff and volunteers involved in bushfire management operations, using a system of delegation through a chain of command similar to the arrangements described in the NT Fire and Emergency Act.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2416 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 12

Establish a capacity to prescribe bushfire management arrangements for individual properties based on bushfire risk assessment.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2414 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 10

Clarify and streamline the allocation of powers to Bushfires NT staff and volunteers involved in bushfire management operations, using a system of delegation through a chain of command similar to the arrangements described in the NT Fire and Emergency Act.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2408 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 4

Introduce clear Terms of Reference for the Bushfires Council and Regional Bushfires Committees, and introduce a requirement for the Minister to consider advice and recommendations from the Council.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2409 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 5

Formalise and clearly define the powers and duties of Bushfires NT personnel, including volunteers, thereby clarifying Bushfires NT’s role in bushfire management in the Northern Territory.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2407 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 3

Discontinue the automatic allocation of Fire Warden powers to Council and Committee members and substitute an option for members to be appointed as Fire Wardens.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2415 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 11

Define formal bushfire management regimes for areas with different bushfire management requirements and define bushfire management responsibilities in those areas.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2417 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 13

Amend the Act title to ‘Bushfires Management Act’. 

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2418 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 14

Amend the object to provide for ‘The mitigation, management, and suppression of bushfires’. Definitions of these terms should be included in the Act, and should include clarification that bushfire suppression can include emergency response activities in certain circumstances

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2420 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 16

Enshrine the broader fire management principles, including coordination, strategic planning, mitigation, monitoring and control within the Act.

Review of the Bushfire Act
INQ304
REC304-2419 A - Responsibility 28 - Personal responsibility Recommendation 15

Further define the principle of landholder responsibility for fire management and strengthen its fundamental place in the Act. This should include a clear requirement for landholders to prevent fire on their land from spreading to neighbouring properties.

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2400 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 8

Until a single call centre is developed, continue deployments of a senior RFS officer to Fire and Rescue NSW ComCen on a 24/7 day basis. This arrangement should determine the quickest most suitable resource and who is ‘in charge’ of an incident

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2399 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 7

Implement a fully integrated civilianised single call and dispatch centre, that includes a redundancy option outside the Sydney CBD, which will adopt an agnostic approach to deploy the quickest most suitable resource to an emergency.

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2397 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 5

Use the model and system in place at the Ambulance Service of NSW as a benchmark for call taking, dispatch and the provision of situational awareness when deploying resources. This will overcome the lack of a feedback loop in current bushfire operations

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2401 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 9

While the proposal to establish an integrated call and dispatch centre is being implemented, Fire and Rescue NSW should take steps to civilianise ComCen and maintain experienced senior officers from both agencies as supervisors similar to how the NSW Police Force and Ambulance Service of NSW oper

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2403 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 11

Take steps to ensure that both fire commissioners are seeking opportunities to engender a culture in their respective organisations that seeks to attract and foster the volunteer ethos and experience

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2404 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 12

Review the effectiveness of emergency public information arrangements, and give consideration to embedding an ABC Manager (not a journalist) into the RFS headquarters during emergencies to broadcast warnings to the community that can be pooled to commercial media outlets

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2398 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 6

As a matter of priority commence the roll out of AVL capability for the Rural Fire Service fleet, completing as much work as possible before the 2018/19 bushfire season, capitalising where necessary on current and future work undertaken with the NSW Government Radio Network to ensure both officer

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2402 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 10

Explore better options for call and dispatch, telecommunications and information sharing capability across the emergency management portfolio including the adoption of a multi-agency emergency management operations complex

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2395 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 3

Remove those policies, guidelines, memoranda of understanding and committees that are made redundant as a result of adopting recommendation #2 while updating any remaining policies that are considered to still be relevant

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2393 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 1

In recognising the success of the work of both the volunteer based Rural Fire Service and the full time Fire and Rescue NSW (FRNSW) members in joint operations – both agencies should be represented at major briefings or press conferences to reinforce successful integrated collaborative efforts ra

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2394 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 2

Take immediate steps to eliminate fire boundaries for call and dispatch purposes to create an agnostic approach to the threat of fires from both a departmental and organisational perspective

Bega Valley Fires Independent Review
INQ302
REC302-2396 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 4

The Commissioners of Fire and Rescue NSW (FRNSW) and the RFS issue an instruction to FRNSW ComCen that while AVL capability is being made available to the RFS vehicle fleet, no offers of assistance by one agency to the other in combatting a fire is rejected or delayed if what is being offered is

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2391 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 8

TFS, PWS and STT should jointly carry out work to identify acceptable shift lengths and patterns – including requirements for rest days – for all personnel working on emergency operations.

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2385 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 3

TFS should initiate a policy review (seeking support from government as appropriate) to clearly identify what body or agency is responsible for planning, carrying out and enforcing fuel management on private property at a township level.

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2384 E - Agency Organisation 36 - Volunteers Recommendation 2

TFS should pursue the creation of a cadre of volunteer remote area firefighters.

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2387 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 5

TFS, PWS and STT agree an updated version of the Interagency Fire Management Protocol which maintains the principle that there will be one state-wide point of command for major unwanted fires burning in the State of Tasmania, explicitly recognises the right of each of TFS, PWS and STT to have the

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2383 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 1

Tasmanian Fire Service (TFS), Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service (PWS) and Sustainable Timber Tasmania (STT) initiate a discussion among their Australasian peers about good practice around managing new fire starts in remote terrain, to include issues around identification, predictive analysis,

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2392 B - Preparedness 39 - Disaster Risk Management Recommendation 9

TFS should engage in discussions with government about the construction of purpose-built State Control Centre facilities for emergency management in Tasmania.

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2386 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 4

TFS, PWS and STT should work with government and each other to continue to pursue a whole-of-state fuel management and burning program that encompasses all land tenures, meets the range of outcomes required by the state (township protection, risk reduction and landscape-scale burns) and is inclus

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2388 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 6

TFS, PWS and STT should establish a State Air Desk, to be staffed by specialist staff year-round, with responsibility for managing both preparatory and contractual issues out of season as well as aircraft management when fires or other emergency events are occurring.

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2389 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 6A

The proposed Tasmania State Air Desk should have a finance officer attached to its staff.

AFAC Independent Operational Review: A review of the management of the Tasmanian fires of December 2018 – March 2019
INQ301
REC301-2390 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 7

TFS, PWS and STT should jointly reach a decision on whether a winch capable remote area firefighting capability should be maintained in Tasmania; which agency or agencies should be responsible for that program; and how a winch capable remote area firefighting capability can be safely trained and

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4012 A - Responsibility 38 - Agency/Department Reporting Recommendation 12

Complete sets of daily-report books should be provided, and kept in the mine or office, to be overlooked by the Inspector during his periodical visits.

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4001 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 1

The Commission consider that in all mines where gas exists the course of the air should be directed to sweep along the working-faces; in mines worked by Pillar and Stall, bratticing must be resorted to to carry the gas from the face as it issues, and so prevent any accumulation of explosive gases

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4003 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 3

Where gas exists, and no provisions are made for its constant removal, no shots should be fired, and, where permitted in a gassy mine, shots should be fired only by a man specially appointed, and at such hours when the miners are not within the mine.

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4002 A - Responsibility 19 - Offences Recommendation 2

Where safety-lamps are necessary - gas being present for (say) one month after being found in dangerous quantity - they should be securely locked by a man duly appointed, and tampering with them must be punishable by a simple and inexpensive process of law. 

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4004 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 4

Where safety-lamps are used, and the obligation is laid upon the men to cleanse the same, all examinations, tests, and repairs to these should be done by the owners. 

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4013 A - Responsibility 19 - Offences Recommendation 13

Infringement of the regulations by either party should be followed by a summary form of justice, instituted before two Magistrates.

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4008 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 8

Where dust exists in quantity, and under conditions favourable for ignition, it should be periodically and sufficiently dampened by water

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4010 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 10

The Commission do not approve of removing any responsibility from the management by increasing the power or number of the Inspectors. The visits of these officials should, so far as possible, be visits of surprise.

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4009 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 9

In gassy mines the Manager should be specially competent, and one possessing a thorough knowledge of the principles and practice of mining, the properties of gases, and systems of ventilation; and, above all, he must be prudent and cautious, yet resolute, possessing sound judgement.

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4006 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 6

The Commisison would not insist upon a barometer being provided at each mine. Experience has proved that this is a tardy index to atmospheric conditions. Serious changes in the atmospheric pressure occur and are felt before they are indicated by a barometer.

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4011 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 11

The Commission feel that the 4th clause in the present Act, relating to the spacing of cut-throughs, should be amended to admit of any convenient or safe system of mining being pursued. This is a matter of detail that would be better out of the Act.

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4005 E - Agency Organisation 40 - Equipment and consumables Recommendation 5

Where safety-lamps are used the lock should be of such a character as to prevent any workman opening it. If the "Protector" type of lamp be employed the necessity for a lock is the less necessary, as the unscrewing of this type of lamp extinguishes the light. 

Royal Commission on the Bulli Colliery Accident
INQ002
REC002-4007 E - Agency Organisation 40 - Equipment and consumables Recommendation 7

A measure of safety may be found in the use of high explosives combined with wet tamping, or, still better, water cartridges, instead of powder under any of its modifications.

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1339 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 3

That Government provide support in the form of funding for the Return to the Firestick project, and that a formal pilot scheme be established where data can be collected, collated and analysed and the effectiveness of this approach be compared against current burning practices.

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1340 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 4

That any such pilot program ought to be managed by the relevant indigenous organisations, with support provided by DELWP and its partner agencies and the development and the evaluation of any pilot program should be overseen by an independent and reputable academic or research institution.

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1343 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 7

That the Government conduct a review of fire prevention

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1346 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 10

DELWP and its partner agencies, in conjunction with the Department of Health and Human Services, should undertake research into the specific effects on health of people affected by planned burns and the information should be made public.

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1344 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 8

That a review of the cross‑tenure approach be undertaken to determine its effectiveness and to address issues that arise in fire prevention on private and public land.

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1341 B - Preparedness 5 - Hazard reduction burns Recommendation 5

That in conjunction with a risk‑based approach, a minimum hectare target is also maintained that can be measured and compared. This minimum target should not be below the 5% target established by the Victorian Bushfire Royal Commission.

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1347 B - Preparedness 5 - Hazard reduction burns Recommendation 11

In order to manage a reduced time window available to undertake the current types of planned burns, alternative methods, including the indigenous mosaic ‘cool’ burns, should be examined and trialled as they may extend the period in which planned burns can be undertaken while reducing overall risk

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1348 B - Preparedness 4 - Fire season preparation Recommendation 12

In keeping with the Victorian Bushfires Royal Commission’s findings and recommendations, human life has primacy in bushfire‑related regulations and it is important that this is maintained in the implementation of bushfire management overlays and relevant vegetation removal exemptions should refle

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1337 A - Responsibility 19 - Offences Recommendation 1

The Government should:
(a) provide additional support to the Gippsland Arson Prevention Program; and
(b) support the establishment of arson prevention programs of this type in other bushfire‑prone regions within Victoria, and involve both community and government agencies.

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1345 E - Agency Organisation 36 - Volunteers Recommendation 8

That issues of animal welfare be given a higher practical priority in the planned burning process on the ground, including:

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1338 A - Responsibility 19 - Offences Recommendation 2

The Government introduce an amendment to the Country Fire Authority Act 1958 or other instruments which imposes significant penalties and strengthens enforcement, including via infringement notices, for offences against Total Fire Ban requirements before the 2017‑2018 fire season.

Parliamentary Inquiry into Fire Season Preparedness (VIC)
INQ299
REC299-1342 D - Recovery 6 - Insurance and legal liability Recommendation 6

That fire managers responsible for planned burns be
indemnified against any and all actions in the event of damage caused by an escape of the planned burn, on the basis of a ‘good faith’ test.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1251 9 - Community education 2

That all councils include an easily identifiable website link for the public to locate their Municipal Emergency Management Plan and community safety information.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1256 9 - Community education 7

That SES and Tasmania Fire Service share resources and align their community education programs and adopt an all-hazards approach to awareness.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1266 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings 17

That Government supports the anticipated SES State Flood Warning proposals aimed at improving public warnings and communication, and that the proposed warning system is consistent with the National Frameworks.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1267 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings 18

That emergency management authorities react with heightened awareness and action when BoM issues flood watches and related warnings.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1252 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality 3

That SES uploads current flood studies and plans to the Common Operating Platform as a flood plan layer and that councils, subject to resolving licence restrictions, arrange to have appropriate access.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1258 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review 9

That DPIPWE examines the WMAwater report along with its own, analyses the differences, consults with the Forest Practices Authority and Environment Protection Authority, and proposes an appropriate course of action to Government.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1253 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality 4

That agencies undertaking flood studies adopt a standardised approach, based on Australia Handbook 7, maintain public ownership of underlying data sets to support future modelling, and ensure open access to these studies.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1259 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review 10

That DPIPWE examines the Forest Practice Code 2015 for relevance of its concepts to farming and other business activities near rivers, streams and naturally occurring dams and makes recommendations to Government accordingly.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1271 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs 22

That the organisations responsible for construction, maintenance and ownership of bridges review their design guidelines and, if necessary, update them to specifically include consideration of debris and flood impacts on bridge design.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1260 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform 11

That DPIPWE clarifies responsibility for river restoration and riparian management and, having done so, communicates this to councils, landowners and other owners of relevant infrastructure.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1254 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality 5

That Government:

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1264 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review 15

That the Flood Warning Consultative Committee reviews flood classification levels in the Service Level Specifications with BoM specifically relating to flood level triggers on gauges.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1261 A - Responsibility 28 - Personal responsibility 12

That heightened awareness and action is needed by communities when BoM issues flood watches and related warnings. Councils and SES need to facilitate this.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1257 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry 8

That in the event that Hydro Tasmania decides to start cloud seeding again, water managers, represented by DPIPWE, work with Hydro Tasmania to ensure appropriate, best practice application of the guidelines issued by the Agricultural and Resource Management Council of Australia and New Zealand.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1272 B - Preparedness 1 - Land-use and building regs 23

That, to provide greater clarity for building development, design and approval within tolerable risk levels, the Tasmanian Planning Scheme, including a relevant Riverine Flood Hazard Code, is finalised and approved as soon as practicable.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1262 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality 13

That the Flood Warning Consultative Committee considers the merits of delineating the Ouse River as a separate catchment from the Derwent River Basin.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1255 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility 6

That Government establishes a central flood policy unit responsible for coordinating flood policy across all government agencies, including Government Businesses, and ensures that such a unit has a whole-of-government and community focus.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1273 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review 24

That the State Emergency Management Committee allocates resources to reviewing all findings and recommendations in the Productivity Commission Report No. 74 relevant to Tasmania and, for those identified as relevant, actions taken and, if none, why not.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1269 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry 20

That Government engages with non-government organisations that may provide services during emergency events to clarify the terms and conditions for support through a written arrangement (MOU or similar).

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1263 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality 14

Subject to funding, that the Flood Warning Consultative Committee investigates the hydrological matters and advice received during this Review and detailed in this Report in Sections 4.1.9 and 4.1.11.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1250 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt 1

That in flood-prone municipalities, the respective Municipal Committee develops or reviews flood-related sub-plans within a Municipal Emergency Management Plan at least every two years and submits each sub-plan to the Regional Controller for approval.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1268 24 - Govt responsibility 19

That DPAC becomes the Management Authority for recovery in Tasmania.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1265 F - Research and technology 13 - Mapping and data quality 16

That BoM and the Flood Warning Consultative Committee, in consultation with gauge owners, review flood gauges and develop a program to update data used to support hydrologic modelling. This should include reviewing gauge maintenance before and after floods.

Independent Review into the Tasmanian Floods of June and July 2016 (TAS)
INQ297
REC297-1270 24 - Govt responsibility 21

That, in the event of a major emergency such as the June floods, a government department (DPAC or State Growth) be appointed to coordinate infrastructure repair, to the extent that funding allows, for the whole state.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1349 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 1

Conduct an assessment of the current essential loads and determine if there are loads that should not be on essential power.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1350 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 2

Remove any loads that do not need to be on essential power.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1351 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 3

From the above assessment determine the existing generator load requirements and provide a new generator to meet those loads.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1352 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 4

A monthly testing regime needs to be developed that will allow the generator to be tested at full essential load capacity and to ensure that 4 hour monthly testing can be done every month.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1353 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 5

Regular annual testing at 100% on a load bank needs to be scheduled into a maintenance schedule.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1354 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 6

Monthly and annual maintenance servicing needs to be scheduled for the generator to DPTI or CHSA schedule requirements.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1355 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 7

Replacement of all original pipes and hoses not yet done.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1356 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 8

Accurate records need to be provided as to what is done for each service.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1357 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 9

Monthly test results need to be accurately recorded.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1358 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 10

If the existing generator is capable of providing the current essential power requirements then the generator needs a major inspection and overhaul all items that may need to be replaced due to age and condition.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1359 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 11

Renegotiate the maintenance contract at the end of the current contract and have DPTI through AGFMA take on the maintenance contract.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1360 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 12

Carry out regular load bank testing on the generator with a load bank large enough to fully load the generator to 110% which will clean out the engine and also identify whether the generator is capable of providing full load for a sustained length of time.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1361 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 13

Prepare and carry out a testing regime and testing strategy and ensure testing of the generator is done every month for 4 hours over that month and under full Hospital load with test result recorded every 15 minutes.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1362 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 14

Carry out a detailed audit of the current Hospital essential loads to determine the current load requirements of the Hospital.

Port Augusta Generator Failure Investigation Report (SA)
INQ296
REC296-1363 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 15

Due to the age of the generator, reliability and reparability risk due to age and the apparent under capacity of the generator it is recommend to replace the generator with a new generator and associated control system designed for the current load requirements and allowance for some future expan

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1304 C - Response 20 - Role of police Recommendation 31

That SA Police, as the control agency for search and rescue, and State Emergency Service who have the responsibility for providing search and rescue services under the State Emergency Management Plan, develop a swiftwater rescue capability plan that describes key swiftwater risk locations, roles

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1313 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 40

That regular training and exercising is conducted for all State Emergency Centre participants including Liaison Officers.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1289 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 16

That SA Police, emergency services, health facilities, utility providers and other key service providers, review their Business Continuity Plans giving consideration to factors such as: a) identification of: business critical needs; essential services power requirements; back-up power requirement

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1308 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 35

That the Department of the Premier and Cabinet revise the ministerial documents relating to emergency management.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1327 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 54

Establish a lessons management capability across the SA emergency management sector to collect, analyse and track lessons identified during debriefs and reviews following events and other sources such as interstate and oversees reviews and inquiries.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1286 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 13

That the Attorney General’s Department consult with local government regarding potential for them to provide logistical support associated with backup power supply to SA Government Radio Network towers in the event of an emergency.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1307 C - Response 20 - Role of police Recommendation 34

That, as with earthquake, SA Police be designated the Control Agency under the State Emergency Management Plan for black system events or other major power outages.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1321 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 48

Through the Emergency Management Workforce Project, identify and provide training and development for SA’s emergency management sector personnel (government agencies, and non-government agencies including volunteers).

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1290 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 17

Continue development of the Damage Assessment Support Plan to:
a) integrate data produced from Control Agency Stage One
Assessment into the Stage Two Assessment
b) develop a capability to undertake Stage Four Assessments which

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1312 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 39

That the Department of Education and Child Development be included as a member of State Emergency Management Council and represented in the State Emergency Centre.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1328 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 55

Update the SEMP Part 3, Annex F ‘Debriefs’ to provide more guidance regarding the types of debriefs, when they are required to be undertaken and at what level and guidance for undertaking and recording debriefs, and implementing lessons identified.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1305 C - Response 18 - Access to fire ground Recommendation 32

That the annexure to the State Emergency Management Plan, ‘Traffic management during emergencies’, be updated to include: responsibilities and processes for road closures; and, Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure requirements in regards to provision of road closure information, n

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1324 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 51

Establish a State incident management and emergency management training capability which provides for: a) consistent training across the State b) personal development and endorsement processes for roles c) identification, recruitment and development of personnel from other government agencies; an

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1292 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 19

That, giving consideration to the previous recommendation, the Flood
Reform Response Working Group identify and consider appropriate
agency involvement and protocols for response to and management
of dams which are in danger of losing their structural integrity or

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1316 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 43

That the position of Deputy Director, Office for Digital Government is dedicated to the Office for Digital Government; and that people throughout DPC are identified and trained to perform appropriate roles within the State Crisis Centre

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1295 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 22

That resources be provided to support the implementation of recommendations in the South Australian Levee Bank Management Issues Paper (DEWNR, 2015) including: a) development of relevant policy; and b) identification of responsibilities in relation to levee management and flood mitigation

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1306 9 - Community education Recommendation 33

Develop practical policy outcomes to support resilience (e.g. the 72- hour model) and promote this broadly to community through media, awareness campaigns, policies etc.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1318 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 45

That the recommendation made following the Pinery bushfire, ‘to review control facilities at State, region and incident level’, be expanded to include all emergency services facilities that will be utilised for major incidents other than bushfire e.g.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1301 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 28

Establish an ‘Interstate Deployment Support Plan’ for incoming interstate resources. The plan should outline responsibilities and arrangements for this function. Consider including this plan into the State emergency management arrangements.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1319 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 46

That a single emergency service multi-agency control centre be established with sufficient capacity and capability to deal with all types of emergency incidents in SA. Also consider Police and State Emergency Centre.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1309 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 36

That members of Emergency Management Council ensure they are prepared to undertake their roles and responsibilities during emergency events, including establishing: a) contingencies for communication e.g.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1310 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 37

That additional guidance be provided in the State Emergency Management Plan regarding the activation, structure and operation of Zone Emergency Support Teams.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1326 C - Response 14 - Incident Mgt Teams Recommendation 53

Establish a State-wide resourcing capability to support incident management teams, regional coordination centres, zone emergency centres, relief centres, recovery centres and State control centres.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1311 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 38

That the State Emergency Management Plan be reviewed and updated including: a) a better description of the responsibilities of Hazard Leaders Page xx b) establish a mechanism for a hazard leader to identify systemic failures in coordination of their hazard, with a clear process to raise those iss

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1296 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 23

That the SES in collaboration with MFS Communications Centre (Comcen) investigate and implement options to reduce the number of calls coming into the Comcen, (particularly on 132500).

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1298 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 25

That the State Emergency Service, in consultation with key stakeholders, identify and implement a robust system and procedures for prioritising, allocating and coordinating multiple tasks.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1314 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 41

That an Emergency Management Assurance Framework be established as soon as possible to support the emergency management arrangements and the State Emergency Management Plan. Consider establishing an Inspector General Emergency Management department or position.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1283 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 10

Consider bringing other agencies onto the SA Government Radio Network, in particular, Department of Education and Child Development and local government, to support more effective coordination and provide a reliable communications contingency during emergencies.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1329 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 56

Review and update Part 3, Annex C, of the SEMP ‘Public Information and Warnings’ to: a) clarify the role and responsibilities of the Public Information Functional Support Group and control agencies in relation to public information b) define requirements and processes for liaising with the commun

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1275 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 2

That SA Health, develop an emergency plan to manage an extended power outage or black system event which, in addition to the requirements outlined in recommendation 16:

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1322 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 49

Consider opportunities to identify synergies between the incident management systems used in SA being the, Australasian Interservice Incident Management System (AIIMS) and ICCS Plus. This might include joint training and exercising in roles that are common across both systems.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1323 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 50

Review and update the role, function, workload and focus of the groups/committees that contribute to incident management and emergency management capabilities including the State Emergency Management Training Committee, Interagency Incident Management Sub-Committee and the Central Exercise Writin

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1299 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 26

That systems for Automatic Vehicle Location and personnel tracking be implemented within the emergency services sector.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1285 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 12

Identify, document and communicate contingency arrangements and procedures for emergency services in the event SA Government Radio Network paging is turned off to conserve power, or other loss of paging capacity.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1334 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 61

Conduct a review into South Australia’s arrangements for relief and recovery grant, Local Government Disaster Recovery Assistance Arrangements and Natural Disaster Relief and Recovery Arrangement claims, the review should include governance coordination and criteria for provision and processing o

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1325 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 52

Review and reinstate the State Emergency Management Training Officer and State Emergency Management Planning Officer (capability development) positions to operate with a broad, strategic and leadership focus.

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1330 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 57

Update the Public Information Functional Support Group Plan to include: a) standards, outputs, systems and processes required to be used by control agencies and the Public Information Functional Support Group during emergencies b) guidance on the public information cycle through the prevention, p

Independent Review of the Extreme Weather Event South Australia 28 September - 5 October 2016 (SA)
INQ295
REC295-1300 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 27

That the State Emergency Service explores options for providing suitable personal protective clothing to personnel from supporting emergency services during major flooding events and sandbagging operations.