INQ315

TitleLong
Final Report of the NSW Bushfire Inquiry
Year
InquiryType
DisasterType
State

Recommendations for this Inquiry

INQ-ref REC-UID CODE SubCode SrcNUM Recommendation
INQ315 REC315-3873 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 76

That Resilience NSW review existing functional area arrangements to ensure they are closely aligned to agencies responsible for direct service delivery.

INQ315 REC315-3853 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 56

That, in order to ensure the State Emergency Operations Centre (SEOC) can maintain communications during emergencies, the Government provide the SEOC with independent Public Safety Network functionality.

INQ315 REC315-3852 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 55

That, in order to improve fireground communications between NSW agencies and interstate personnel:                                      a) Government ensure all NSW fire authority personnel and vehicles can access and utilise the Public Safety Network (PSN).

INQ315 REC315-3851 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 54

That, to ensure mobile generators are sourced and distributed on a priority basis during natural disasters, the EUSFAC work with the NSW Telco Authority, relevant NSW government agencies and commercial stakeholders to develop a mobile asset deployment strategy.

INQ315 REC315-3850 A - Responsibility 3 - Biodiversity Recommendation 53

That Government develop and implement a policy on injured wildlife response, rescue and rehabilitation including:
a) a framework for the co-ordination and interaction with emergency management structures

INQ315 REC315-3849 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 52

That, in order to enhance NSW’s fire fighting capacity, Government trial aerial fire fighting at night in the 2020-21 season with a view to full implementation if successful.

INQ315 REC315-3848 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 51

That, in order to enhance NSW’s ability to improve situational awareness, Government expand FRNSW’s Remotely Piloted Aerial Systems (RPAS) capability (both capital assets and trained operators) to major regional centres and ensure the NSW RFS and other NSW government agencies can access this capa

INQ315 REC315-3847 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 50

That, in order to ensure Australia’s fire fighting aerial capacity capitalises on existing assets and is made up of the right mix, Government:

INQ315 REC315-3846 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 49

That, in order to maximise the efficiency and effectiveness of heavy plant used in dry fire fighting techniques, the NSW RFS expand and introduce the following in respect to heavy plant:

INQ315 REC315-3845 F - Research and technology 26 - Research Recommendation 48

That Government commission further research on the potential risks and benefits of backburning during severe, extreme and catastrophic conditions and/or in particular terrain, and that the NSW RFS use this research to inform future backburning protocols and training.

INQ315 REC315-3844 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 47

That, in order to enhance fire fighting strategies in severe conditions, the NSW RFS implements the following in respect to backburning:

INQ315 REC315-3843 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 46

That, in order to improve early fire suppression, the NSW RFS trial initial aerial dispatch in areas of high bush fire risk. The trial should identify the most appropriate and cost-effective mix of aircraft, and any associated infrastructure improvements that would be required.

INQ315 REC315-3842 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 45

That, in order to prioritise early suppression and keep fires small:
a) Government set a KPI for NPWS regarding the percentage of fires that start on-park and are contained within 10 hectares, and consider whether 70% is an appropriate KPI for the NSW RFS and NPWS

INQ315 REC315-3841 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 44

That, in order to ensure suitably skilled and experienced personnel operate as Divisional Commanders during major fire incidents, Bush Fire Management Committees identify appropriate personnel as part of their plan of operations.

INQ315 REC315-3840 E - Agency Organisation 29 - Operational Health and Safety Recommendation 43

That, in order to ensure firefighter sustenance is of sufficient volume and quality, the NSW RFS reviews food standards and procedures in consultation with volunteers.

INQ315 REC315-3839 E - Agency Organisation 29 - Operational Health and Safety Recommendation 42

That, to ensure firefighters can access mental health support through GPs, Government work with the Commonwealth Government to:
a) provide a free mental health screen to firefighters post-fire event and waive any gap payments if additional treatment is required

INQ315 REC315-3838 E - Agency Organisation 29 - Operational Health and Safety Recommendation 41

That, in order to ensure all NSW RFS members can access the mental health support they need, the NSW RFS expands in-house mental health support for members.

INQ315 REC315-3837 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 40

That, in order to improve firefighter safety, Government fire authorities:

INQ315 REC315-3854 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 57

That, in order to ensure emergency response agencies can communicate across state and territory borders, the Commonwealth Government allocate 10 + 10 MHz as a dedicated spectrum for Public Safety Mobile Broadband (PSMB) at no cost to states and territories.

INQ315 REC315-3855 C - Response 7 - Inter-agency communication Recommendation 58

That, in order to ensure all agencies have a clear understanding of cross-border communication channels during bush fires, all MoUs between state or territory agencies include an agreed protocol about how agencies will communicate across borders and that these are reflected in Incident Action Pla

INQ315 REC315-3872 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 75

That, in order to improve support for people evacuating with animals, the Department of Primary Industries:

INQ315 REC315-3871 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 74

That, in order to ensure equitable access to evacuation centres and associated support services for people in border communities, Resilience NSW ensure cross-border access arrangements are reflected in evacuation centre management guidelines.

INQ315 REC315-3870 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 73

That, in order to ensure the safety and wellbeing of vulnerable people during an evacuation, Resilience NSW:

INQ315 REC315-3869 A - Responsibility 42 - Culture and Heritage Recommendation 72

That, in order to ensure Aboriginal people can access appropriate support during evacuation, Resilience NSW work with Local Emergency Management Committees and Aboriginal Affairs to ensure:
a) local Aboriginal communities are included in emergency planning and preparation

INQ315 REC315-3868 D - Recovery 33 - Relief and recovery Recommendation 71

That, in order to ensure people only need to tell their story once to access government agency support following an emergency, Resilience NSW and Service NSW jointly design an inclusive, person-centred approach to information collection at evacuation centres.

INQ315 REC315-3867 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 70

That, in order to ensure evacuation centres are fit-for-purpose, Resilience NSW work with Local Emergency Management Committees (LEMCs) to:                                                                                                                                       a) update the guideline

INQ315 REC315-3866 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 69

That, in order to ensure evacuation arrangements can be scaled up when needed, Resilience NSW:
a) ensure staff who are willing to be deployed to evacuation centres are trained as soon as possible to bolster evacuation centre staff surge capacity

INQ315 REC315-3865 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 68

That the NSW RFS include the following priorities in the Fires Near Me improvements roadmap:
a) text enlargement functionality
b) a clear statement about the app’s limitations and the importance of heeding public warnings and relying on personal observations

INQ315 REC315-3864 A - Responsibility 9 - Community education Recommendation 67

That, in order to ensure people can access clear information on cross-border fires, the NSW RFS:
a) incorporate information on fires in neighbouring states and territories into Fires Near Me NSW

INQ315 REC315-3863 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 66

That, in order to provide real-time information on evacuation doorknocking during emergency events, Government explore a shared data gateway for NSW agencies based on the NSW State Emergency Service Collector app and a common mapping and analytics platform.

INQ315 REC315-3862 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 65

That, in order to improve information flows and increase public awareness of ABC emergency broadcasts, Government:
a) include an ABC Manager in the Public Information Functional Area Coordinator (PIFAC) team within the State Operations Centre

INQ315 REC315-3861 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 64

That, in order to expand the pool of trained personnel able to undertake the Public Information Functional Area Coordinator (PIFAC) role, Resilience NSW and the NSW Police Media Unit (PIFAC) develop and deliver a training package for Emergency Management Media Liaison Officers.

INQ315 REC315-3860 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 63

That, in order to ensure the guiding principles and approval processes are contemporary, streamlined and more flexible, the NSW and Commonwealth Governments review the Defence Assistance to the Civil Community (DACC) arrangements.

INQ315 REC315-3859 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 62

That, in order to ensure State Emergency Operations Centre (SEOC) interoperability during all natural disasters, Resilience NSW review the current SEOC arrangements and location including responsibilities for ongoing resourcing and maintenance.

INQ315 REC315-3858 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 61

That, in order to improve cross-agency communication and coordination during bush fires, the NSW RFS review Fire Control Centres (FCCs) in areas that were heavily affected by fire.

INQ315 REC315-3857 E - Agency Organisation 12 - EM agency and authority Recommendation 60

That, in order to ensure timely payment and maintain positive ongoing supplier relationships during large-scale bush fires, the NSW RFS implements an automated logistics solution, informed by the outcomes of the Emergency Logistics Project.

INQ315 REC315-3856 B - Preparedness 10 - Electricity infrastructure Recommendation 59

That, in order to improve response times to Triple Zero calls, the NSW RFS implements the integrated dispatch system before the 2020-21 fire season commences.

INQ315 REC315-3836 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 39

That, in order to ensure frontline personnel have appropriate personal protective clothing during bush fires:

INQ315 REC315-3835 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 38

That, in order to ensure the safety of local landholders on firegrounds, the NSW RFS emphasises the importance of local landholders using protective clothing while fire fighting as part of the RFS’ ‘Farm Fire Unit Integration’ priority for 2020-21.

INQ315 REC315-3815 F - Research and technology 17 - Assets and technology Recommendation 18

That, in order to equip NSW RFS with comprehensive information on all structures and assets at risk of bush fire, Government ensures that:

INQ315 REC315-3814 C - Response 11 - Evacuation and shelters Recommendation 17

That the NSW RFS identifies remote bush fire prone areas that do not already have an indoor Neighbourhood Safer Place (NSP) and upgrades the relevant NSW RFS Stations to meet NSP guidelines.

INQ315 REC315-3813 A - Responsibility 35 - Business and Industry in relation to industry Recommendation 16

That, in order to ensure tourism businesses are prepared for natural disasters including bush fires, Resilience NSW work with NSW RFS and Destination NSW to develop bush fire preparedness support for tourism businesses, based on research into existing models.

INQ315 REC315-3812 A - Responsibility 25 - Inquiry, audit, lessons management and after action review Recommendation 15

That Government commit to:
a) evaluating existing bush fire preparedness programs to determine the most effective and efficient approach given increased frequency of extreme fire seasons, and develop outcomes-based measures to monitor programs’ impact over time

INQ315 REC315-3811 C - Response 8 - Communications and warnings Recommendation 14

That in order to provide greater consistency in public information and warnings, especially in border areas:
a) the finalisation of the Australian Warning System be prioritised to provide greater consistency in public information and warnings

INQ315 REC315-3810 A - Responsibility 24 - Govt responsibility Recommendation 13

That, to ensure updated resource-sharing arrangements are in place, the NSW and Victorian Governments progress and finalise a multi-agency Memorandum of Understanding before the 2020-21 fire season commences.

INQ315 REC315-3809 E - Agency Organisation 37 - Funding Recommendation 12

That Government work with other Australian governments to provide long-term funding certainty to AFAC, including the National Resource Sharing Centre (NRSC) and the National Aerial Firefighting Centre (NAFC).

INQ315 REC315-3808 A - Responsibility 22 - Role of local Gvt Recommendation 11

That, in order to strengthen the capability of local councils in future emergency events:

INQ315 REC315-3807 E - Agency Organisation 16 - Training and behaviour Recommendation 10

That, in order to expand NSW’s specialist aviation personnel safety and capacity, Government expand simulator capabilities at the NSW RFS Training Academy.

INQ315 REC315-3806 C - Response 15 - Inter-service cooperation Recommendation 9

That the NSW RFS work with AFAC to analyse the impact of changing fire seasons on inter- jurisdictional resource sharing agreements, both domestic and international, and determine any flow-on effects for NSW fire fighting personnel capacity.

INQ315 REC315-3805 E - Agency Organisation 32 - Doctrine, standards, and reform Recommendation 8

That, to strengthen cross-agency accountability and deliver improved bush fire risk management outcomes: